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International Braille Day

World Braille Day is celebrated on January 4th to commemorate the birthday of Louis Braille, the inventor of braille. The day recognizes the importance of braille as a means of communication and the role it plays in the lives of blind and visually impaired people. Braille is a tactile representation of alphabetic and numerical symbols using 6 dots to represent each letter and number, and even musical, mathematical and scientific symbols.

Atlantic Charter after 80 years

Atlantic Charter after 80 years What is Atlantic Charter? The Atlantic Charter was a joint declaration issued during World War II (1939-45) by the United States and Great Britain that set out a vision for the postwar world. It was announced on August 14, 1941. Among its major points were a nation’s right to choose its own government, the easing of trade restrictions and a plea for postwar disarmament. The document is considered one of the first key steps toward the establishm

World History of Central Asia

Central Asia Russia had conquered Central Asia in the 19th century by annexing the formerly independent Khanates of Kokand and Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara. After the Communists took power in 1917 Russian Revolution and created the Soviet Union it was decided to divide Central Asia into ethnically-based republics in a process known as National Territorial Delimitation (or NTD). This was in line with 2 things Communist theory that nationalism was a necessary step on th

Hagia Sophia: The museum of conflicts

Hagia Sophia: The museum of conflicts Context * An Eastern Orthodox patriarchal cathedral for about 900 years, an imperial mosque for 482 years and then a museum and a famed tourist spot starting 1935. * This is the short history of Hagia Sophia, the sixth century Byzantine structure that has survived natural calamities, imperial invasions, crusades and a World War. * The architectural marvel in Istanbul, which is revered by both eastern Orthodox Christians and Muslims, is now bein

Proxy war-New Cold War

Proxy war-New Cold War Part of: GS-I- Contemporary World History (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) China is soon to become the largest economy in the world. It’s growth is based on technology, innovation and trade, which sought to balance U.S. military superiority, and has fueled the strategic rivalry between the two countries. The rising tensions between the US and China have prompted many experts to warn of a new Cold War akin to the Cold War between the US and USSR. In 20

70 Years of Korean War

70 Years of Korean War Part of: GS-I- World history (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Recently North and South Korea separately marked the 70th anniversary of the start of the Korean War. The root of the conflict lies in the Japanese occupation of Korea between 1910- 1945. When Japan was defeated in the Second World War, the Allied forces agreed to establish a “four-power trusteeship over Korea” at the Yalta Conference (1945). However


Juneteenth Juneteenth is also known as Freedom Day, Jubilee Day, Liberation Day, and Emancipation Day is a holiday celebrating the emancipation of those who had been enslaved in the United States. Originating in Texas, it is now celebrated annually on the 19th of June throughout the United States, with varying official recognition. Specifically, it commemorates Union army general Gordon Granger announcing federal orders in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865, proclaiming that all slav

Victory Day Parade,2020

INDIAN ARMED FORCES CONTINGENT VICTORY DAY PARADE 2020 A Tri-Service contingent of the Indian Armed Forces comprising 75 all ranks, led by a colonel rank officer will participate in the Military Parade at Red Square, Moscow on 24 June 2020, to commemorate the 75th Anniversary of Victory of the Soviet People in the great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. About the British Indian Armed Forces The British Indian Armed Forces during World War-II were one of the largest Allied Forces conti


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