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Idate Commission Report

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) stressed on the need for the implementation of the Idate Commission report. The Commission Headed by - Bhiku Ramji Idate. Setup by - The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Constituted in - 2015, for a three-year temporary term. Purpose - For the empowerment of the Denotified Tribes (DNT), Semi Nomadic (SNT), and Nomadic Tribes (NT). Nomadic and semi-nomadic communities are defined as those who move

Central Consumer Protection Authority

The Central Consumer Protection Authority issues notice to Amazon for sale of sweets under the misleading name of Shri Ram Mandir Ayodhya Prasad. The action has been initiated based on a representation made by the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) alleging that Amazon is engaging in deceptive trade practices involving the sale of sweets under the guise of 'Shri Ram Mandir Ayodhya Prasad'. It may be mentioned that under the Consumer Protection (e-commerce) Rules,

Right to Food

Recently, Indian government argued for people’s right to food in Supreme Court by supporting Genetically Modified (GM) crops as against the alleged environmental damage by it. Right to Food – It implies the right to food at appropriate nutritional levels and the quantum of relief to those in distress must meet those levels in order to ensure that this right is actually secured and does not remain a theoretical concept. It is inherent to a life wi

16th Finance Commission- Article-280

Cabinet approves creation of 3 officer-level posts for 16th Finance Commission. Chairman – Arvind Panagariya Secretary – Ritvik Ranjanam Pandey 3 new posts – Created at the level of Joint Secretary i.e. 2 posts of Joint Secretary and 1 post of Economic Adviser who are required to assist the Commission in carrying out its functions. Functions – To suggest the principle of tax devolution between the Centre and States

Tenth Schedule of Indian Constitution

News? Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly has refused to disqualify 40 MLAs of the Eknath Shinde faction after recognising it as the real Shiv Sena. He also did not disqualify 14 MLAs of the Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray (UBT) group due to technical reasons under the Tenth Schedule. Anti Defection Law? The anti-defection law punishes individual Members of Parliament(MPs)/MLAs for leaving one party for another. Parliament added it to the Constitution as the&nbs

Bail in serious Crimes

The Supreme Court (SC) recently held that a plain assertion of innocence or a promise to co-operate in the trial by an accused is no ground to grant bail in a case of a serious nature. The SC also said the completion of investigation in a serious offence was not a default ground for bail.

MPs Suspension and associated Rules

Recently 78 opposition MPs have been suspended for disrupting Parliamentary proceedings over the Parliament security breach issue. What is the issue? Presiding officers of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha suspended the opposition lawmakers for disrupting the parliamentary proceedings. They were suspended as the legislators demanded a discussion and a statement from the Home Minister regarding last week’s security breach. This was the highest number of MPs suspended 

Centre-State Disputes-Federal Issue

In recent years, the economic conflicts between Centre and States in India have increased and become a source of ‘persistent frictions’ in the federal system. Why there is economic conflict between Centre and State? Economic reforms- New Economic Policy, 1991 changed the context of Centre-State relations from cooperative to a conflictual one. Mobilisation of resources- States have less autonomy over their public expenditure policies and more disputes arouse over resource s

Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is one of the most important institutions of the country to ensure public accountability of the executive. What is Comptroller and Auditor General? Feature Description Constitutional body Article 148 provides for an independent office of the CAG. Financial administration CAG is the head of Indian Audit and Accounts

Advocate-on-Record system (AOR)

Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) pulled up an Advocate-on-Record (AoR) for filing a frivolous case before the court. AORs are a pool of elite Delhi-based lawyers whose legal practice is mostly before the SC but they can appear before other courts too. Need for AORs – A lawyer with special qualifications, picked by the Supreme Court itself, is equipped to appear for a litigant as the SC is a court of the last opportunity for the litigant. AoR is broadly based on the B


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