Demography Of India
In 2022, China will see an absolute population loss for the first time, and by 2023, when India's population reaches 1,428.63 million, it will have surpassed China's 1,425.67 million.
What Influences Population Change?
TFR: Total Fertility Rate
In the past three decades, TFR has decreased for India.
It decreased from 3.4 to 2 between 1992–1993 and 2019–21; the decline was particularly notable in rural areas.
In 1992–1993, the
Urban Infrastructure Financing in India
The World Bank recently released a report titled "Financing India's Urban Infrastructure Needs: Constraints to Commercial Financing and Prospects for Policy Action."
The report emphasizes the critical importance of leveraging more private and commercial investments to close emerging financial gaps.
What are the Report's Highlights?
If India is to effectively meet the needs of its rapidly grow
The world's population surpassed 8 billion people: United Nations.
The United Nations Population Fund recently announced that the world's population has surpassed 8 billion people.
More on the news:
Reasons for the increase: This unprecedented increase is due to gradual increases in human lifespan as a result of advancements in public health, nutrition, personal hygiene, and medicine.
According to the UN, it is also the result of high and persistent levels of fertility
Women's Representation in Parliament
In New Zealand, the percentage of women in the legislature recently surpassed 50%.
The Inter-Parliamentary Union reports that New Zealand is one of 12 countries worldwide that can say that by 2022, at least 50% of their parliaments will be made up of women.
New Zealand was the first country to grant women the right to vote in 1893.
Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua, Rwanda, and the United Arab Emirates are more countries.
Around 26% of lawmakers world
Significance OF Tribes
Every year on August 9th, there is a celebration known as World Tribal Day or International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples.
Its objectives are to advance and defend the rights of all indigenous peoples worldwide and to recognize their contributions to global issues like environmental preservation.
The day commemorates the 1982 Geneva gathering of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations.
FAMILY COURT AMENDMENT BILL 2022
The Lok Sabha passed the Family Courts (Amendment) Bill, 2022 which seeks to amend the Family Court Act, 1984 to establish a family court in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
About the Bill:
The Bill amends the Family Courts Act, 1984.
The Act allows state governments to establish Family Courts to deal with disputes related to family and marriage.
The Central Government is empowered to notify the dates for t
Hindi gains due to a demographic shift
When the Centre launched its NIPUN Bharat scheme in July 2021 to improve foundational literacy and numeracy among primary school students, participants from non-Hindi speaking States complained that they were the ones left feeling illiterate as they could not understand either the speeches, nor the PowerPoint presentations on the scheme, all made in formal Hindi. (Read about the Eighth Schedule Languages first.)
Last August, Tamil Nadu delegates at
UP Population Policy 2021-2030
Rising population was the root of major problems and prevailing inequality in society. It is also a boon to the problems of the society if we optimally use the demographic dividend and we use it optimally.
The new UP policy aims at decreasing the total fertility rate from 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026 and 1.7 by 2030, increase the modern contraceptive prevalence rate from 31.7% to 45% by 2026 and 52% by 2030, increase male methods of contraception use from 10.8%
“Gender Samvaad” Event by Ministry of Rural Development
The Ministry of Rural Development recently organized the Gender Samvaad Event.
About Gender Samvaad Event:
Gender Samvaad is a cooperation between Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission(DAY-NRLM) and Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE).
It aims to generate greater awareness about gender-related interventions under DAY-NRLM across the country. It focuse
Electronic nose to detect “Hydrogen Sulphide” from Sewers
Scientists from the Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS), Bangalore have developed Electronic Nose to detect Hydrogen Sulphide from swamps and sewers.
CeNS is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology
About Hydrogen Sulphide:
Hydrogen Sulphide is the chemical compound with the formula H2S.
It is a colourless chalcogen hydride gas. It is with the characteristic foul