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Indian Society

Hindi gains due to demographic shift

When the Centre launched its NIPUN Bharat scheme in July 2021 to improve foundational literacy and numeracy among primary school students, participants from non-Hindi speaking States complained that they were the ones left feeling illiterate as they could not understand either the speeches, nor the PowerPoint presentations on the scheme, all made in formal Hindi. (Read about the Eighth Schedule Languages first.) Last August, Tamil Nadu delegates at a yoga and naturopathy training webinar cl

UP Population Policy 2021-2030

UP Population Policy 2021-2030 Rising population was the root of major problems and prevailing inequality in society. It is also a boon to the problems of the society if we optimally use the demographic dividend and we use it optimally. The new UP policy aims at decreasing the total fertility rate from 2.7 to 2.1 by 2026 and 1.7 by 2030, increase modern contraceptive prevalence rate from 31.7% to 45% by 2026 and 52% by 2030, increase male methods of contraception use from 10.8% to 1

“Gender Samvaad” Event by Ministry of Rural Development

The Ministry of Rural Development recently organized the Gender Samvaad Event. About Gender Samvaad Event: Gender Samvaad is a cooperation between Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission(DAY-NRLM) and Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE). It aims to generate greater awareness about gender-related interventions under DAY-NRLM across the country. It focuses on hearing opinions from the states and the field. Activities un

Electronic nose to detect “Hydrogen Sulphide” from Sewers

Scientists from the Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS), Bangalore have developed Electronic Nose to detect Hydrogen Sulphide from swamps and sewers. CeNS is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology About Hydrogen Sulphide: Hydrogen Sulphide is the chemical compound with the formula H2S. It is a colourless chalcogen hydride gas. It is with the characteristic foul odour of rotten eggs. (Chacogen – chalcogens are the chemical

State of World Population Report 2021 by UNFPA

State of World Population Report 2021 by UNFPA The State of World Population report is (UN Populations Fund) UNFPA’s annual flagship publication. Published yearly since 1978, it shines a light on emerging issues in the field of sexual and reproductive health and rights, bringing them into the mainstream and exploring the challenges and opportunities they present for international development. Findings of the Report Nearly half of women in 57 developing countries are den

Transgender Rights

Transgender Rights As per the Census 2011, there are 4,87,803 persons under the category called ‘Other’. Among all the states, top four states with high transgender population were UP, AP, BH,MH. Younger individuals, women, people with higher levels of education, and people with higher incomes are more approving of transgender rights. Mexico, Cuba, Equador, Bolivia, S.Africa, Portugal, Sweden, Nepal has one of one of the most progressive laws to protect gay rights by ac

FLIGHT LIEUTANANT BHAWANA KANTH

Bhawana Kanth is to become the first woman fighter pilot to take part in the Republic Day parade. She was one among the first women fighter Pilots inducted in Indian Air Force in 2016. The other fighter pilots inducted into the Indian Air Force were Avani Chaturvedi and Mohana Singh. Bhawana Kanth In 2019, Bhawana Kanth became the first female fighter pilot of India to qualify to undertake combat missions. She received the Nari Shakti Puraskar from President

SENTINELESE

SENTINELESE The Anthropological Survey of India (AnSI) has said that any exploitation of the North Sentinel Island of the Andamans for commercial and strategic gain would spell the death knell for its occupants, the Sentinelese, a most secluded, particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG) who reside in complete isolation on the island. About: In a policy document, which comes almost two years after American national John Allen Chau was allegedly killed by the Sentinelese on the i

SC/ST Education-Social Inclusion

‘Fall in percentage of school education funds for SC, STs’ Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Social Issue What’s in News? After several years of rising trends, the Centre has reduced the percentage allocation of funds for education of schoolchildren from SC and ST communities as well as for the north-eastern region in the coming year. In its report on the demand for grants submitted to the Rajya Sabha, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Reso

Campaign on International Women’s Day

Syllabus subtopic: Social Empowerment Prelims and Mains focus: about the details of the campaign and its significance News: In a first, the Union government is preparing a 10-day campaign for the International Women’s Day, with plans to organise seminars, workshops and Ted Talks across the country. About International Women Day March 8 is observed as International Women’s Day. The international theme for Women’s Day this year is “

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