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Climate change resolution and its relevance for India

Introduction:

Start with recognition of climate change as a problem form IPCC report and then start of holistic action plan from rio summit.

Main body:

Continue  with UNFCCC framework and include details about

Kyoto protocol: Clean development mechanism, Carbon credit, Joint implementation, common but differential responsibility

Paris summit 2016: India’s Intended nationally determined goals:

  • To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level.
  • To achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030, with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance, including from Green Climate Fund.
  • To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

Cop 26: Panchamrit to tackle climate change:

  • Increasing non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatts (GW)
  • Fulfilling 50 per cent of energy requirements from renewable sources
  • Reducing carbon intensity of economy by 45 per cent
  • Reducing total projected carbon emissions by 1 billion tonnes.
  • Making India carbon neutral by 2070.

Relevance for India: Include all impact on India such as:

  • Political: leadership role in world along with increasing soft power
  • Economic: in short term requirement of more capital but sustainable in long run.
  • Increased investment and R&D
  • Influx of Forex

Conclusion: Can be concluded with both action to tackle climate change as a need for    world to ensure temperature rise targets. Also as duty of government to provide clean      environment under article 21.

 

 

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