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Privacy means “the condition or state of being free from public attention to intrusion inter or interference with one's acts or decisions. Right to Privacy means Right to personal autonomy. Right of a person and person's property to be free from unwarranted public scrutiny or exposure.

A nine-judge bench of the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice JS Khehar, in K.S. Puttaswamy case ruled on August 24, 2017, that the Right to Privacy is a fundamental right for Indian citizens under the Constitution of India under Article 21.


Issues with right to privacy:

  • Right To Privacy And Search And Seizure
    The right of privacy on one hand and power of the State of search and seizure on the other hand has been the subject matter of judgments not only in India but also in other countries as well.
  • Tapping of Telephone
    Telephone tapping constitutes a serious invasion of an individual’s right to privacy. The recent Pegasus issue of snooping further highlight this problem.
  • Prisoner’s Privacy Rights
    The protection of Article 21 is available even to convicts in jail. The convicts are not by mere reason of their conviction deprived of all their fundamental rights which they otherwise possess.
  • Conflict Between Right To Information & Right To Privacy: Use of fictitious RTI applications to know irrelevant personal information of public servants to harass those officials.
  • The right to privacy may come in conflict with the investigation of police in several aspects. Narco-analysis, polygraph test and brain mapping tests, in application, make unwarranted intrusion into the right to privacy of a person.

Conclusion: Right to privacy is an essential component of right to life and personal liberty under Article 21. Right of privacy may, apart from contract, also arise out of a particular specific relationship, which may be commercial, matrimonial or even political. Right to privacy is not an absolute right; it is subject to reasonable restrictions for prevention of crime, disorder or protection of health or morals or protection of rights and freedom of others. Where there is a conflict between two derived rights, the right which advances public morality and public interest prevails.

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Deepak Choudhary

16 November,2021


    Parth Maheshwari

    16 November,2021


      Sarvapriya Singh

      18 November,2021


        Ashish Singh Chauhan

        18 November,2021


          Srinath Raju

          18 November,2021


            Sunil Korrapati

            18 November,2021


            November 19, 2021 00:00

            Please review sir :-)


              Vivek Shukla

              19 November,2021


                Shaleen Satyam Pandey

                19 November,2021

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