The military confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Given that the military confrontation has been raging on between Armenia and Azerbaijan there have been calls for a ceasefire.
The Madrid Principles could be the starting point for ending the hostility between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) consisting of Russia, France and the U.S. had put forward in 2007 the Madrid Principles as a guiding principle for a peace treaty between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The Madrid Principles provide for:
a prohibition on the use of force and
demilitarisation of Nagorno-Karabakh,
respect for territorial integrity, and recognition of the equal right to self-determination.
It also envisaged Nagorno-Karabakh’s right to self-governance and the election of officials with legislative and executive powers during the interim period preceding a plebiscite.