03 August, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-I||Finding the data on missing girls.|
|GS-II||Urban spaces need better designed homes and an egalitarian housing policy.|
|Health care is ailing.|
|Padding up for the next UNSC inning|
GS-II: Finding the data on missing girls.
The sex ratio at birth (SRB) has been dropping continuously since Census 2011, coming down from 909 girls per thousand boys in 2011-2013 to 896 girls in 2015-2017 as per the SRS Statistical Reports.
Female foeticide continues to increase at an alarming rate, as per the Sample Registration System (SRS) data released for the period 2015-2017.
In the 2014-2016 period, of the 21 large States, only two — Kerala and Chhattisgarh — had an SRB of above 950 girls per 1000 boys. Thus at present, about 5% of girls are ‘eliminated’ before they are born.
Different data sources
Bias over firs-born child
GS-II: Urban spaces need better designed homes and an egalitarian housing policy.
Homelessness is on the rise and has been for the past half a century. Eight years ago, after the 2011 Census, the demand for new housing was at 25 lakh units. With demand rising exponentially and increasing migration numbers the current requirement for shelter stands at 30 lakh units.
Challenges in providing housing
2.Idea of worship
Factors need to be evaluated in the search for a new model
Housing in India is both inefficient, poorly constructed, thoughtlessly designed and conforms to outmoded ideas that still hark to the bungalow prototype. Unless more thoughtfully-designed homes with newer materials and technologies and a more egalitarian housing policy become part of future government programs, it is these citadels of waste and decay that will remain the public face of the city.
GS-II: Health care is ailing.
The National Medical Commission Bill passed by Rajya Sabha addresses these concerns.
Why medical education needs these regulations?
Importance of the Bill
Government has under this Bill, arrogated to itself an unprecedented power to appoint people in the various arms of the proposed structure. The quality and integrity of these people will then define the future of the health system in India.
GS-II: Padding up for the next UNSC inning
India was recently elected for its 8th term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the term 2021-22.India has served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) more often than any country other than Japan from the Asia-Pacific Group. India will need the vote of two-thirds of the 193 UN General Assembly members to win a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.
Objectives for Indian foreign policy in UNSC
Diplomatic win for India and a testament to its growing global stature, India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat at the United Nations Security Council for a two-year term was unanimously endorsed by the Asia-Pacific group of the world body, including Pakistan and China. India should aim to end its eighth term on the Council with its merit- and legality-based judgments intact and widely respected.
GS-II: What’s NEXT?
In its second iteration, the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill seems to have gained from its time in the bottle, like ageing wine. The new version has some sharp divergences from the original.
Changes in National Exit Test (NEXT)
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