×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 25 August, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

Acculturation

Acculturation

India's unusual mix of numerous cultures and its ideals lend themselves to a greater comprehension of the idea of acculturation and its results.

Image Source - Haika Deck

Meaning of acculturation

  • American geologist John Wesley Powel first used the term "acculturation" in a study for the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology in 1880.
  • He described it as the psychological alterations brought about in people as a result of cross-cultural imitation and interaction with many cultures.
  • Acculturation is now understood to be the process through which an individual or group from one culture interacts with another, absorbing its beliefs and customs while keeping its own unique identity.
  • The integration of Black Americans into white American society serves as a good illustration.
  • According to sociologists, acculturation is a two-way process in which the minority culture adapts elements of the majority culture to fit in and the majority culture is likewise influenced by the minority culture.

Effects of Acculturation

Integration:

  • In the process of integrating, a person or group adjusts to a new culture while preserving its own culture. It happens in situations where social integration through cultural adoption is important.
  • In a multicultural society with a sizable percentage of minority groups, this tactic is adopted.
  • Those who employ this tactic can effortlessly transition between the values and norms of the various cultures they have assimilated when interacting with groups from both cultures.

Marginalization:

  • It happens when people or groups scarcely engage with a different cultural group.
  • This tactic isolates the person or group, forcing them to the margins of society where they are ignored by the majority.
  • It becomes very impossible to communicate and assimilate with a different cultural group in a culture where cultural exclusion is practised because of the barriers formed between the two.

Transmutation:

  • The process of transmutation is one in which value is put on both preserving one's own culture and assimilating elements of a new culture.
  • It differs from integration in that new cultures are created via the blending of the old ones (instead of integrating and switching between the codes and conducts of two different cultures).
  • As a result, a new culture that is accepted by both individuals and organizations is created by the special blending of two cultures.

Assimilation:

  • 1918 research on Polish immigrants in Chicago conducted by W.I. Thomas and Florian Znaniecki helped to clarify the idea of assimilation.
  • A new culture is adopted by a group and essentially replaces the existing culture, leaving only vestiges behind.
  • Individuals or groups who assimilate eventually blend in with the culture they first encountered.
  • It happens when one's culture is given little weight and "fitting in," which is seen as essential for survival in a new cultural environment, is given significant priority.
  • This result is likely to happen in societies that function as "melting pots" where new members are assimilated.

Relevance of acculturation in India

  • Understanding the idea of acculturation and its results is greatly aided by India's particular blending of many cultures.
  • Nearly every area of Indian civilization has been impacted by Persian culture; famous foods like biriyanis and floods as well as spices like saffron and cumin seeds have Persian roots.
  • A prime example of the blending and transformation of cultures is the Urdu language, which is a combination of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and Hindi.
  • Hindu temple architectural styles can be seen in the designs of Christian churches in Kerala, such as the Pazhaya Suriyani Pally in Chengannur and the little church Cheriapally in Kottayam.
  • The blending of Hindu and Christian traditions and customs in Indian society is best seen in the sculptures of Christian deities inside lotuses that resemble those of Hindu deities, as well as the carvings of cows, elephants, and monkeys on church walls.

Conclusion

  • Since migration and encounters with other cultures have always been a component of the development of civilization, acculturation is an inevitable social process.
  • Through acculturation, we can discover and comprehend new facets of diverse cultures while still appreciating their distinctions.
  • Different cultures may be marginalized and separated due to resentment toward other cultures and the conviction that one's ancestry is superior, which will ultimately impair a society's ability to function.

Also, Read - Standard Operating Procedures for Pharmaceutical Mkt

Source: The Hindu


An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India

An Assessment of Extreme Weather Events in India by CSE According to a recent report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India will experience some form of natural disaster almost every day in the first nine months of 2022. Between January 1 and September 30, 2022, India recorded 241 extreme weather events. About the evalu

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector

India and Norway in the Green Maritime Sector The 8th Norway-India Joint Working Group Maritime meeting was recently held in Mumbai. Indo-Norway collaboration in the GREEN MARITIME Sector The history of maritime trade with Norway dates back to 1600. Norway has technical expertise in the maritime sector, and India has enormous potentia

Arittapatti Village:Biodiversity Heritage Site

Arittapatti Village: Biodiversity Heritage Site In accordance with Section 37 of the Biodiversity Diversity Act, 2002, the Government of Tamil Nadu published a notification designating Arittapatti Village in Melur in the Madurai district as a biodiversity heritage site. The Biodiversity Heritage site is the first site to be nominated

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance

Food-Animal Farming and Antimicrobial Resistance Animal health issues in factory farming have a severe impact on food safety, the environment, and the climate, which can result in antibiotic resistance (AMR). Farming of pigs, cows, and birds in close quarters is known as factory farming or intensive food-animal farming. These are industr

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded. The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27)

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts