|How world is losing fertile land|
|NATGRID wants to link social media accounts to central database.|
|SC continues its stay on eviction of forest dwellers|
GS-III: K2 18B
K2-18b is now the only planet orbiting a star outside the Solar System known to have both water and temperatures that could be potentially habitable.
Not ‘Earth 2.0’
Source: THE HINDU
GS-III: How world is losing fertile land
For the last two weeks, India has been hosting the meeting of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification. A major global agreement on issues related to land, the convention (UNCCD) seeks to address the phenomenon of desertification, the process through which fertile and productive land become degraded and unfit for useful activities like agriculture.
Why is desertification a concern?
What is the Convention to combat Desertification?
India and UNCCD:
National action programmes:
What changes can be expected on the basis of CCD meeting?
A meeting of UNCCD is not expected to come up with any heading-grabbing decision.
The discussions at the CCD have so far remained technical, mainly focusing on the kinds of activities that can be undertaken degraded landed 2030.
Approximately 80 per cent of the worlds’ extremely poor live in rural areas and land degradation has become an important factor in rural poverty. Nearly three billion 38 per cent of the global population lived in dry lands, according to the report.
Source: Indian Express
GS-III: NATGRID wants to link social media accounts to central database.
The ambitious National Intelligence Grid project wants to link social media accounts to the huge database of records related to immigration entry and exit banking and telephone details among others.
What is NATGRID?
NATGRID was among the ambitious slew of intelligence reforms undertaken in the wake of the Mumbai attacks of November 2008. NATGRID is a centralised agency which stores sensitive personal information on citizens from almost two dozen agencies to be made available for counter-terror investigations. It will be an attached office of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Why do we need NATGRID?
The danger from not having a sophisticated tool like the NATGRID is that it forces the police to rely on harsh and coercive means to extract information in a crude and degrading fashion. After every terrorist incident, it goes about rounding up suspects many of who are innocent. If, instead, a pattern search and recognition system were in place, these violations of human rights would be much fewer.
Social Media can be defined as any web or mobile based platform that enables an individual or agency to communicate interactively and enables exchange of user generated content and it is explained by a number of tools, which includes blogs, Wikis, discussion forums, micro-blogs, twitter and social networking sites.
NATGRID is intending to set up an ENTITIY EXTRACTION,VISUALIZATION & ANALYTICS system that would collect and analyse information available from various data sources.
Source: THE HINDU
GS-III: SC continues its stay on eviction of forest dwellers
The Supreme court on Thursday continued its stay on the eviction of lakhs of Scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers whose claims for forest land rights have been rejected under the Forest Rights Act of 2006.
What does the Forest Rights Act provide for?
The Act recognises -
Process of recognition of rights:
Source: THE HINDU
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