23 January, 2020
21 Min Read
|UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)|
|Commission for subcategorisation of Other Backward Classes|
|India-Brazil agreement on legal and criminal cooperation||International Relations|
|Amnesty International study|
|GS-III||Vyommitra : ISRO’s half-humanoid|
Syllabus subtopic: Important International Institutions, agencies and fora - their Structure, Mandate.
Prelims and Mains focus: About the Index and its findings on India and the world: about EIT and its various reports
News: The latest edition of the Democracy Index spells gloom for India. The world’s biggest democracy slipped 10 places in the 2019 global ranking to 51st place.
About the study
India’s performance on the Index
Reasons given for India’s low score
About Economist Intelligence Unit
Prelims and Mains focus: About the Coronavirus: its origins; symptoms and measures taken to contain it
News: Deaths from China’s new flu-like virus rose to 17 on January 22, heightening global fears of contagion from an infection suspected to have come from animals.
Global health emergency?
Precautions taken worldwide
About the Coronavirus
Prelims and Mains focus: About the issues raised at the meeting by Pakistan; about UNMOGIP and India’s position on it; about WEF
News: Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday urged the international powers, including the UN and the U.S., to help deescalate tensions with India, saying they “must act” to prevent the two nuclear- armed countries from reaching a point of no return.
Mr. Khan, is in Davos, Switzerland to attend the World Economic Forum annual meeting.
Syllabus subtopic: Government Policies and Interventions for Development in various sectors and Issues arising out of their Design and Implementation.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the commission: its mandate and significance; Article 340
News: The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved a six- month extension in the tenure of the commission to examine subcategorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBC).
Why did the commission sought an extension?
Mandate of the Commission
The Communities in the existing list of OBCs which have not been able to get any major benefit of the scheme of reservation for OBCs for appointment in Central Government posts & for admission in Central Government Educational Institutions are expected to be benefitted upon implementation of the recommendations of the Commission. The Commission is likely to make recommendations for benefit of such marginalized communities in the Central List of OBCs.
Article 340 in the Indian Constitution
Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes
Syllabus subtopic: Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Prelims and Mains focus: about the Brazilian President’s visit: agreements to be signed and their significance; about India-Brazil relations
News: The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an agreement on bilateral legal and criminal cooperation to be sealed during the coming visit of President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil.
Context: Brazilian President Bolsonaro is scheduled to arrive on Friday to be the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations.
Aim of the agreement
Other agreements to be signed
Three pacts, covering:
MoU for cooperation in the oil and natural gas sector
Prelims and Mains focus: about the report and its findings; about Amnesty and its objectives
News: Amnesty International India study of thousands of tweets found that women politicians are trolled more on social media.
How was the study conducted?
Key findings of the study
What did the report recommend?
Given the significance of Twitter among the political elite, the report suggests, “Twitter is failing in its responsibility to respect women’s rights online.” It recommends more focus on regional languages in India, continuously evaluating its efforts against online violence against women, and more transparency about its content moderation process.
About Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI)
Syllabus subtopic: Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology; Indigenization of Technology and Developing New Technology.
Prelims and Mains focus: about Vyommitra and the functions it can perform; its significance; about Gaganyaan
News: The ISRO unveiled its first ‘woman’ astronaut, named Vyommitra, to an international gathering in Bengaluru on Wednesday.
Functions it can perform
Is this the first time ISRO is deploying a robotic system?
No. ISRO has used robotic and autonomous system for many of its missions, including the recent Chandrayaan-2 mission where the Vikram lander was functioning in autonomous mode — using data stored in its systems — while attempting to make a soft landing on the moon’s surface.
Syllabus subtopic: Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism.
Prelims and Mains focus: About the Pathalgadi movement and its impact on the internal security of India; About Birsa Munda and his contribution
News: Seven persons were taken hostage and later killed, allegedly by armed supporters of the Pathalgadi self-rule movement, in a village in West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand, on Wednesday.
What is Pathalgadi?
CNT and SPT acts
BJP govt’s ordinances
Violence over Pathalgadi
About Birsa Munda
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