27 August, 2019
4 Min Read
|The Last Window|
|18th CoP of CITES, Geneva|
|Single Use Plastic|
|A judicial overreach into matters of regulation|
GS-III: Regional Connectivity
Very few States in India have active civil aviation departments. Currently, the penetration of the aviation market in India stands at 7%. There is potential to be among the global top three nations in terms of domestic and international passenger traffic.
The passive role of states
The increasing role of states:
What is UDAN Scheme?
The scheme gives India’s aviation sector a boost by giving a chance to small and first-time operators to be a part of the rapid growth in passenger traffic.
Considering the infrastructural constraints and difficult terrain, small aircraft operators need to be encouraged. Areas which cannot be connected meaningfully by road or rail have to be linked by air. Air connectivity would not only bring down travel time but also be a boon in emergencies. This is also true for northeast India, the islands and also the hilly States.
GS-III: The Last Window
The latest IPCC report on ‘Climate Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Management, Food Security, and Greenhouse gas fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems’ takes the warning further and states that the land surface air temperature has risen by nearly twice the global average temperature, at about 1.3°C.
The 2018 IPCC Special Report on Global warming of 1.5°C delivered a clear message: Human activities have caused an approximately 0.87°C rise in global average temperature over pre-industrial times.
The aims of the IPCC are to assess scientific information relevant to :
What is 1.5-degree C target?
Challenges to India
GS-III: Single Use Plastic
In G7 session on environment highlighted India’s large scale efforts towards eliminating single use plastic.
The Problem with the Practice of Banning
Lack of consultation with stakeholders such as manufacturers of plastics, eateries and citizen groups: This leads to implementation issues and inconvenience to the consumers.
Exemptions for certain products such as milk pouches and plastic packaging for food items severely weaken the impact of the ban.
No investment in finding out alternative materials to plug the plastic vacuum: Until people are able to shift to a material which is as light-weight and cheap as plastic, banning plastic will remain a mere customary practice.
Lack of widespread awareness among citizens about the magnitude of harm caused by single-use plastic: Without citizens ‘buying in’ to a cause, bans only result in creating unregulated underground markets.
No strategy to offset the massive economic impact: Sweeping bans like the one in Maharashtra are likely to cause massive loss of jobs and disruption of a large part of the economy dependent on the production and use of plastic.
What Needs to be Done?
GS-II: A judicial overreach into matters of regulation
The Madras High Court has been hearing a PIL petition since 2018 has asked to linking adhar with government identity proof.
In response to a PIL seeking stay on the implementation of the Unique Identification (UID)/Aadhaar Scheme the top court ruling stated that the 23.8 billion dollar scheme, set up by the central government aiming to create a unique identity for each resident of India, through bio-metric – retinal and finger print scans, cannot be made mandatory.
Arguments of the Supreme Court
Availability Unique Aadhar id Number of every Individual:
Challenges apparent in the linking of Aadhaar number with social media profiles:
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