29 July, 2019
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|GS-II||The limits of anti-defection|
|Having the last word on ‘population control’.|
|The makings of a digital Kleptocracy|
|GS-III||International Tiger Day|
GS-II Paper: The limits of anti-defection
The Tenth Schedule of Indian Constitution is popularly known as the Anti-Defection Act. Original constitution had no such provisions. It was included in the Constitution in 1985 by the Rajiv Gandhi government. The main intent of the law was to deter “the evil of political defections” by legislators motivated by the lure of office or other similar considerations.
As a pre-condition for his disqualification, his abstention from voting should not be condoned by his party or the authorised person within 15 days of such incident.
The 2003 Amendment
Pranab Mukherjee Comittee Observations
GS II Paper: Having the last word on ‘population control’.
There should be a clear understanding that offering choices and services rather than outright state control works best.
On 11 July, World Population Day , a union Minister expressed alarm over population explosion in the country, wanting all political parties to enact population control laws and declare the voting rights invalid of those having more than two children. Third child policy should not be allowed to vote and enjoy facilities provided by the government.
Scars of the past
Policy of choice
GS-II : The makings of a digital Kleptocracy
Suggested Use of data
Problems with Data usage
.2. Similar treatment like public services
If data can be toxic, centralising and consolidating it, as advocated by the Survey, increases its toxicity exponentially.
1.Centralising the data –
2. Without Consent
Case study of Aadhar
GS-III: International Tiger Day
Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.
It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.
The goal of the day is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.
India has achieved the target of doubling tiger population four years before the 2022 deadline
Concerns and Challenges
All India Tiger Estimation
There are several infrastructure projects that will cut through tiger corridors and habitats. The future of the big cat is uncertain if we continue to violate their habitat. Unless tigers have inviolate habitats where they can breed and flourish and there are corridors linking these breeding populations, we are isolating tigers in very small reserves which is fatal in the long run.
GS-III: TOI 270
Nature of the planets
About Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS)
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