31 July, 2019
0 Min Read
|GS-I||Muslim Women(Protection of Rights on Marriage),Bill 2019|
|GS-II||Fortifying the Africa outreach||International Relations|
|What is a Whip?|
|GS-III||Report on illegal global tiger trade counts highest in India|
GS-I : Muslim Women(Protection of Rights on Marriage),Bill 2019
Parliament has passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 criminalising triple talaq and will replace the 1986 Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act.
The Supreme Court’s judgment in the Shayara Bano case held that the practice of talaq-e-biddat (or triple talaq) unconstitutional. After the judgement, government passed Muslim protection Bill also known as, Triple Talaq Bill in Lok Sabha but there have been criticism about the legal and procedural aspects of the bill.
Key provisions of the bill
Issues with the bill:
The legislation brings India at par with other Muslim majority states including Pakistan and Bangladesh. This was long overdue for a country that has taken pride in its adherence to the principles of secularism, democracy, and equality. Personal laws of other religious communities, Hindus and Christians, have gone through renditions to address some concerns relating to gender equality in matters of inheritance and polygamy. Despite the gains, gender equality does not permeate all aspects of civil law. This legislation presents an opportunity to put in place a civil code that steeped in equality across faiths and gender.
GS-II: Fortifying the Africa outreach
President Ram Nath Kovind commenced his seven-day state visit to Benin, Gambia and Guinea-Conakry and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh arrived in on a three-day visit to Mozambique
GS-II: What is a Whip?
A whip in parliamentary parlance is a written order that party members be present for an important vote, or that they vote only in a particular way.
How it is Used ?
In India all parties can issue a whip to their members. Parties appoint a senior member from among their House contingents to issue whips .This member is called a Chief Whip and he/she is assisted by additional Whips.
Types Of Whip:
Defiance of Whip:
In India, rebelling against a three-line whip can put a lawmaker’s membership of the House at risk. The anti-defection law allows the Speaker/Chairperson to disqualify such a member; the only exception is when more than a third of legislators vote against a directive, effectively splitting the party.
Importance of whips in our political system:
In the parliamentary form of Government, Whips of various political parties are the vital links of the internal organization of parties, inside the legislatures. The efficient and smooth functioning of Parliament and State Legislatures depends, to a considerable extent, upon the office of the Whip. The Whips can be rightly said to be the managers of the parties within the legislatures.
GS-II: Biosimilar Medicines
A renowned pharma company has launched in India Versavo (bevacizumab), a biosimilar of Roche’s Avastin is indicated for the treatment of several types of cancers.
What is Biosimilarity?
Biosimilars vs generics
A new report has quantified the illegal global trade in tigers and tiger parts over a 19-year period between 2000 and 2018.
About the report
The new report has been compiled by TRAFFIC, a NGO working in conservation and currently in partnership with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Findings of the report
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