12 July, 2022
10 Min Read
Assam is facing the second wave of flood in July after the first wave of flood in May this year. Almost every year its face 2-3 wave of a flood through the Brahmaputra River system, which affects most of Assam. More than 35 lakhs of people are affected in 26 districts of the state with heavy loss of life and the submergence of major parts of the Kaziranga National Park.
The Brahmaputra is also critical to the Kaziranga National Park as it is bounded by the river on one side.
The reason behind annual flooding in Assam
Reason for the recurring floods in Assam
How does flood affect Assam?
Train services got disrupted as water affected the railway tracks at several places.
All modes of transport went on halt except waterways, which have increased the fare in some areas to make up for their inability to fish or ferry people to rivers for a living.
Food and potable water are not easily available to the majority of people.
Roads and bridges have suffered huge damage. The flooding damaged the electricity supply in various districts.
More than 5,000 villages and croplands have been inundated, with the Brahmaputra River breaching its embankments due to incessant rainfall.
More than 15% of the Kaziranga National Park has been damaged with the Brahmaputra flowing above the danger level.
At least five animals, including a leopard, have been killed in floods in the national park so far this year.
Although, excessive water is considered beneficial for the park as it would:
However, large frequent floods have started creating problems for the national park.
When the flood water hits a certain level, the animal moves towards safer, higher ground in the Karbi Anglong hills. However, they have to cross NH-37 which cut across the park and leads to the killing of many animals in road accidents.
Animals are also killed by poachers who take advantage of their vulnerability for their interests.
Animals also move toward villages in floods, which leads to a rise in human-animal conflict.
Source: The Indian Express
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