×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 23 July, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

Aneurysm

Aneurysm

Actor Emilia Clarke, who appeared in the Game of Thrones, has revealed her struggle with a brain aneurysm that caused the loss of "quite a bit" of the organ.

What s is an Aneurysm??

  • It is the swelling of the arteries and veins in any part of the body and is caused by the weakening of the walls. It occurs most commonly in the aorta, back of the knees, brain, or intestines.
  • An aneurysm often looks like a berry hanging on a stem.
  • If the aneurysm gets ruptured, it can even cause internal bleeding and even stroke.
  • Blood vessels of the brain and the heart are the most common locations to get seriously affected.
  • The swelling can be of two types.
  • Either the complete blood vessel is swollen or a specific side of the blood vessel can bulge out from the sides.

Symptom

A sudden and severe headache is the key symptom of a ruptured aneurysm. This headache is often described as the "worst headache" someone can ever experience.

In addition to a severe headache, common signs and symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm are as follow:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stiff neck
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Seizure
  • A drooping eyelid
  • Loss of consciousness

Causes

  • Potential risk factors for aneurysm include smoking, age, high cholesterol, obesity, hypertension, and tissue disorders.
  • Pregnancy can also increase the risk of aneurysms of the spleen.

Treatment

  • A device called a Flow Diversion Stent is a new innovative intervention for the treatment of an aneurysm for the initial stages when it has not ruptured.
  • A cylindrical, metallic mesh stent is placed inside the sac of the parent blood vessel to divert the blood flow from the aneurysm.
  • The diversion is mainly aimed at mainly preventing the rupture.
  • Flow diversion can be used to treat large or giant wide-necked brain aneurysms.

Risk reduction

In most cases being congenital, it is not always possible to prevent the aneurysm, but certain lifestyle changes can help to reduce the risk.

These include quitting smoking and maintaining healthy blood pressure by sticking to a balanced diet even maintaining healthy body weight, and avoiding a high cholesterol diet will help in preventing it.

Source: The Indian express


Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Recently, Prime Minister announced Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana under which 1 crore households will get rooftop solar power systems. India’s Status of Current Solar Capacity India currently stands at 4th place globally in solar power capacity. As per Ministry of New an

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)- NGO 

The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010 (FCRA) registration of two prominent non-governmental organisations (NGOs) — Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and World Vision India (WVI) have been cancelled this month. What is FCRA? Key provisions of FCRA, 2010 Key aspects Description

Voice clone-AI

Voice clone fraud has been on the rise in India. AI voice cloning – It is the process of creating a synthetic replica of a person’s voice through machine learning and speech synthesis technology.It is called as voice deepfakesor audio deepfakes. Objective – To achieve a high level of na

Science communication- how to promote

Steps taken by India to promote Science Communication Publications and Information Directorate (PID) - An organisation under Council of Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1951 for publishing and disseminating scientific information in India. National science magazines- The PI

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to co

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links