UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 02 September, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

Anti-Radiation Pills

Anti-Radiation Pills

Image Source - Freepik

Recently, as worries of a nuclear accident at Ukraine's Zaporizhzhia power plant increased, the European Union made the preemptive decision to deliver 5.5 million anti-radiation pills to be given to locals.

Radiation Emergency

  • Radio-nuclear hazards: These are unintentional or unintended incidents that endanger both people and the environment.
  • Such circumstances involve exposure to radiation from a radioactive source and the need for quick action to lessen the danger.
  • Anti-radiation pills are also needed to handle such a situation.

Anti-radiation pills

  • In cases of radiation exposure, potassium iodide (KI) tablets or anti-radiation pills are known to offer some protection.
  • They include non-radioactive iodine, which can aid in preventing the thyroid gland's absorption and subsequent buildup of radioactive iodine.

How do these Pills Work?

  • Radioactive iodine spreads through the air after a radiation spill, contaminating food, water, and soil.
  • Internal irradiation, also known as internal exposure, is when radioactive iodine penetrates the body and builds up in the thyroid gland.
  • The thyroid gland cannot distinguish between radioactive and non-radioactive iodine while producing the hormones that control the body's metabolism.
  • This is how potassium iodide (KI) pills achieve "thyroid blocking."
  • KI pills ensure that non-radioactive iodine in the medication is quickly absorbed to make the thyroid "full" when taken a short time before or right after radiation exposure.
  • When the thyroid is full, it can no longer take in iodine, either stable or radioactive, for the following 24 hours.
  • However, KI medications are solely preventative and cannot reverse radiation-induced thyroid damage.
  • Thyroid cancer is highly likely to occur once radioactive iodine has been absorbed by the thyroid gland.

Is the method Fool-Proof?

  • Anti-radiation medications don't always offer complete security.
  • The amount of radioactive iodine that enters the body and how rapidly it is absorbed determine how effective KI is.
  • The pills are not suitable for everyone, as well. Those under the age of 40, are advised.

Risk involved

  • Thyroid cancer: However, KI tablets are solely preventative and cannot undo radiation-induced thyroid damage.
  • Thyroid cancer is highly likely to occur once radioactive iodine has been absorbed by the thyroid gland.

Also, Read - Open Network for Digital Commerce or ONDC

Source: The Indian Express

Skill Development in India: Challenges and Issues

Skill Development in India: Challenges and Issues The 13th Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) Global Skills Summit 2022 was recently inaugurated by the Union Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Minister. Theme: Making It Happen: Education to Employability. ??????? What is the Current Situation of Skill

Stress in workplaces: WHO & ILO Report

Stress in workplaces: WHO & ILO Report The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) recently released guidelines to address mental health issues in the global workforce. ??????? What exactly is work-related stress? Long hours, a heavy workload, job insecurity, and conflicts with coworke

Abortion rights for single Women

Abortion rights for single Women Recently, the Supreme Court ruled that all women in the country, regardless of marital status, can have an abortion up to 24 weeks into their pregnancy. What is the Supreme Court's decision? Ruled over an ancient law: It has ruled on a 51-year-old abortion law (The Medical Termination of Pregn

PFI ban under UAPA

PFI ban under UAPA The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) declared the Popular Front Of India, and its front organizations as an “unlawful association” under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA). About UAPA  The UAPA is India’s main law against terrorism and terrorist activities. It

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs)

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) World Heart Day is celebrated on 29th September every year. It was first observed in the year 2000, following a collaboration between the World Heart Federation and the World Health Organization (WHO). It is a global campaign in which the federation unites people in the fight against the CVD burden and insp


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts