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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 09 June, 2021

  • 12 Min Read

Antonio Guterres is the UN General Secretary for a second term

Antonio Guterres is the UNSC General Secretary for a second term

  • The United Nations Security Council on Tuesday approved Secretary General Antonio Guterres for a second term, with conflict resolution set to top his agenda at the world body’s helm.
  • The 72-year-old former Prime Minister of Portugal has held the office since 2017 and faced no competition for the next term in the job.
  • During a brief closed door session the Security Council voted unanimously to recommend that the General Assembly give Mr. Guterres another term, said the council’s current President, Estonian ambassador Sven Jurgenson.
  • Approval from the General Assembly is seen as a formality and expected to take place soon.
  • During his first term, Mr. Guterres was forced to concentrate on limiting the potential damage from the unilateral and nationalist foreign policy of then U.S. President Donald Trump.

UN Security Council

  • The United Nations Charter established 6 main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining inter­national peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.
  • While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to member states, only the Security Council has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.
  • UNSC has 15 members (5 are permanent and 10 non-permanent). Non-permanent members elected for 2-year terms by the UNGA.
    1. UNSC has 5 permanent members namely France, UK, China, Russia and USA.
    2. 10 non permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis
      1. 5 for African and Asian States.
      2. 1 for Eastern Europe States
      3. 2 for Latin American and Caribbean States and
      4. 2 for Western Europe and other States.
    3. Each year 193 member UNGA elects 5 non permanent members for a 2 year term at UNSC, with 5 replaced each year. A retiring member is not eligible for re-election.
    4. The Asia-Pacific Group gets to nominate one of its members for the 2020 elections to a non-permanent seat of UNSC. India won the unanimous support of all countries in 55 member Asia Pacific Group at UN for its bid for a non permanent seat at UNSC for a 2 year term in 2021-22.

Source: TH


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