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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 10 November, 2020

  • 4 Min Read

BULK DRUG PARK - HIMACHAL PRADESH

BULK DRUG PARK - HIMACHAL PRADESH

What are bulk drugs or APIs?

  • A bulk drug is also called an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). It is the key ingredient of a drug or medicine, which lends it the desired therapeutic effect or produces the intended pharmacological activity.
  • Example- Paracetamol- It is a bulk drug, which acts against pain. It is mixed with binding agents or solvents to prepare the finished pharmaceutical product, ie a paracetamol tablet, capsule or syrup, which is consumed by the patient.

How are APIs prepared?

  • They are prepared from multiple reactions involving chemicals and solvents.
  • The primary chemical or the basic raw material which undergoes reactions to form an API is called the key starting material, or KSM.
  • Chemical compounds formed during the intermediate stages during these reactions are called drug intermediates or DIs

Why is India promoting bulk drug parks?

  • India has one of the largest pharmaceutical industries in the world (third largest by volume).
  • But this industry largely depends on other countries, particularly China, for importing APIs, DIs and KSMs.
  • Drug manufacturers in India suffered repeated setbacks due to disruption in imports due to Covid 19.

Key features of the scheme for promotion of Bulk Drug parks:

  • The scheme will support three selected parks in the country by providing a one-time grant-in-aid for the creation of common infrastructure facilities.
  • The grant-in-aid will be 70 per cent of the cost of the common facilities but in the case of Himachal Pradesh and other hill states, it will be 90 per cent.
  • The Centre will provide a maximum of Rs 1,000 crore per park.
  • A state can only propose one site, which is not less than a thousand acres in area, or not less than 700 acres in the case of hill states.

Source: PIB


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