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  • 27 July, 2022

  • 7 Min Read



July 27 is commemorated as Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) foundation day as India’s largest central armed police force came into existence on this day in 1939.

About CRPF

  • It came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police on 27th July 1939
  • It became the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) on the enactment of the CRPF Act on 28th December 1949.


It was constituted following the political unrest and the agitations in the then princely States of India in the backdrop of the Madras Resolution of the All-India Congress Committee in the year 1936.


The mission of the CRPF shall be to enable the government to maintain the Rule of Law, Public Order, and Internal Security effectively and efficiently, Preserve National Integrity and Promote Social Harmony and Development by upholding the supremacy of the Constitution.


  • Mainly to control the Crowd, Riot control, Counter Militancy /Insurgency operations., Dealing with the Left-Wing Extremism, and Overall coordination of large-scale security arrangements, especially concerning elections in disturbed areas.
  • Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission as per Govt. policy.
  • Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities and disasters.

Ministry: CRPF officially works under the Ministry of Home Affairs.


  • It essentially functions for all the states and union territories alike.
  • The force's job is to maintain the law and order in the subcontinent and by the virtue of it, they combat insurgencies, act as rescue forces whenever required, etc.
  • CRPF was the on-guard force at the Indo-Pak border until 1965 when the Border Security Force came into existence specifically for this purpose.
  • CRPF is also deployed for international missions for the United Nations.
  • The CRPF continues to step in whenever natural disasters or some unforeseen accidents happen.
  • COBRA is a special operation unit of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) of India proficient in guerrilla tactics and jungle warfare.


It is India’s largest central armed police force having around 246 battalions, and more than 30,000 personnel.

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