×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-II :
  • 17 January, 2020

  • 3 Min Read

Capital Punishment

Syllabus subtopic:

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments of the Government.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Prelims and Mains focus: about the findings of the report regarding death penalty and its significance; about Project 39A; about capital punishment and the case for its abolishment

News: The number of death sentences awarded by trial courts in India saw a significant drop from 162 in 2018 to 102 in 2019, according to ‘Death Penalty in India: Annual Statistics Report 2018’, prepared by Project 39A of the National Law University, Delhi. The report is expected to be released on Friday.

Key highlights of the report

  • According to the report, 52.94 per cent of the 102 death penalties last year (54 death sentences) were given in cases involving sexual offences.

  • No death sentence was awarded in 11 states — Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim — in 2019, while Rajasthan topped the list with 13 death sentences.

  • Madhya Pradesh, which recorded the most death sentences (22) in 2018, halved its tally to 11 in 2019, the report said. Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim have not awarded any death sentences in the last four years.

  • The death penalties awarded in 2018 were the highest in a calendar year since 2000, possibly as a result of amendments to the Prevention of Child Sexual Offences Act, extending the death sentence to non-homicidal crimes in cases of rape and gangrape of girls below the age of 12. Of the 54 death sentences involving sexual offences and murder, 70 per cent of the cases involved victims below the age of 12.

  • According to the report, High Courts in 2019 confirmed death sentence for 26 death row convicts — the highest in four years — and acquitted 32.

  • The Supreme Court, which decided the maximum death row cases (27) last year, confirmed death sentence for six persons and acquitted 10. The Supreme Court also directed a fresh trial in two cases after the High Courts confirmed death sentence, the report noted.

  • Death penalty cases were heard and decided in greater numbers in the Supreme Court last year due to changes in the listing procedure that former Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi put in place.

  • With the 102 death sentences last year, there are a total of 378 prisoners on death row as of December 31, 2019.

About Project 39A by NLU Delhi

  • Project 39A is a research and litigation initiative focusing on the criminal justice system.
  • It works on issues around legal aid, torture, mental health in prisons and death penalty.

Source: Indian Express


Kirit Parikh Gas Pricing Panel

Kirit Parikh Gas Pricing Panel The government recently appointed a Kirit Parikh committee to review the gas pricing formula. The committee's major recommendations: Maximum cost: A fixed pricing band for gas from old fields, known as APM (Administrative Price Mechanism) gas, is required. These fields produce two-thirds of the co

G20 Presidency of India as a Watershed Moment

G20 Presidency of India as a Watershed Moment On December 1, 2022, India will formally assume the G-20 presidency. India will hold the presidency until November 30th, 2023. According to the Prime Minister, India's theme is "One Earth, One Family, One Future." More on the news: Agenda: The Prime Minister described

Women’s Representation in the Courts

Women’s Representation in the Courts It was only the third time in the Supreme Court's history that a bench comprised entirely of female justices heard cases. More on the news: Apex Court's all-woman bench: Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud has appointed Justices Hima Kohli and Bela M Trivedi to the bench. The Supre

Rare Earth Elements

Rare Earth Elements The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has urged the government to encourage private mining in the sector and diversify supply sources in light of India's reliance on China for rare earth minerals imports. Despite having 6% of the world's rare earth reserves, India produces only 1% of global output and import

Rooftop Solar Installations

Rooftop Solar Installations According to Mercom Research India, rooftop solar capacity installations in India fell 29% to 320 megawatts (MW) in July-September 2022. What are the Results? Cumulative Installations: As of the end of the third quarter of 2022, cumulative rooftop solar (RTS) installations stood at 8.3 GW. Gujarat overtook

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts