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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 30 November, 2022

  • 6 Min Read

Climate Change Performance Index 2023

Climate Change Performance Index 2023

  • The Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2023 places India eighth.
  • India was ranked tenth in the CCPI 2022.

What is the CCPI?

  • Since 2005, Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute, and the Climate Action Network have published an annual report.
  • It is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the performance of 59 countries and the European Union in climate protection.
  • These countries are responsible for more than 92% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Its goal is to increase transparency in international climate politics by allowing countries to compare their climate protection efforts and progress.
  • Criteria: The CCPI considers four categories, each with 14 indicators: GHG Emissions (40% of the overall score), Renewable Energy (20% of the overall score), Energy Use (20%), and Climate Policy (20%).

CCPI 2023: Overall Performance (National):

  • No country performs well enough in all index categories to earn a very high overall rating.
  • As a result, the first three overall positions remain vacant.
  • Denmark, Sweden, Chile, and Morocco were the only four small countries ranked higher than India, ranking fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh, respectively.
  • According to the CCPI ranking, India is the only G-20 country in the top ten.
  • The United Kingdom was ranked eleventh in the CCPI 2023.
  • China is ranked 51st in the CCPI 2023, with an overall very low rating.
  • The United States (US) rises three places to 52nd, but its overall rating remains very low.
  • The Islamic Republic of Iran was ranked 63rd, finishing last in the CCPI 2023.

India's Position: Performance:

  • India-plus has been ranked among the top five countries in the world, as well as the best among G20 countries.
  • India is ranked first among all large economies.
  • India receives a high rating in the categories of GHG Emissions and Energy Use, with a medium rating in Climate Policy and Renewable Energy.
  • The country is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (which are compatible with a 2°C scenario).
  • However, the renewable energy path is falling short of the 2030 target.

Concerns:

  • India has updated its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and announced a net zero target for 2070 since the last CCPI. Roadmaps and concrete action plans for meeting the targets, on the other hand, are lacking.
  • India is one of nine countries that account for 90% of global coal production. It also intends to boost its oil, gas, and oil production by more than 5% by 2030.
  • This contradicts the 1.5° C target.

Suggestions:

  • The experts recommended emphasising a just and inclusive energy transition, as well as the need for decentralised renewable energy and rooftop photovoltaic capacity.
  • Key demands include a carbon pricing mechanism, increased capacity at the subnational level, and concrete action plans to meet the targets.

Source: The Hindu


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