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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-III :
  • 05 December, 2019

  • Min Read

Climate­ related disasters on the uptick

Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

News: Worsening heatwaves are taking a heavier toll on rich as well as poor countries, according to an annual ranking, the Global Climate Risk Index, published by environmental think­tank Germanwatch.

Prelims and Mains focus: about the report and its key findings on impact of climate change

Key findings of the report

  • The index rated Japan as the most­affected country in 2018, while Germany was in third position.

  • Both of the industrialised nations were hit hard by heatwaves and drought that year, as was India — in fifth position — which suffered water shortages, crop failures and worst flooding, Germanwatch said in a report.

  • “Recent science has confirmed the long­established link between climate change and the frequency and severity of extreme heat,” it added in a statement.

  • Across Europe, extreme heat spells are now up to 100 times more likely than a century ago, says the report. It noted that the impact of heatwaves on African countries may be under­represented due to a lack of data.

  • Powerful storms also left a trail of destruction in 2018, with the Philippines second in the climate risk index due to large losses when it was battered by top­strength Typhoon Mangkhut.

  • Madagascar was the fourth most weather­affected country as two cyclones killed about 70 people and forced 70,000 to seek refuge.

  • The index results showed that the “signs of climate crisis”, on all continents, could no longer be ignored.

Source: The Hindu


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