UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 26 September, 2020

  • 8 Min Read

Code debate

Code debate


  • The parliament has passed three codes aimed at consolidating diverse labour laws.
  • They are the Industrial Relations Code, the Social Security Code and the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020.


  • The June 2002 report of the 2nd National Commission on Labour is the root of the idea of consolidated labour codes.
  • The broad vision has been to give an impetus to economic activity without adversely affecting the interests of workers.
  • They were drafted with the basic objective of amalgamating, simplifying and rationalising labour laws.
  • A positive feature is that the Social Security Code promises the establishment of social security funds for unorganised workers, as well as gig and platform workers, and their welfare would be addressed by the National Social Security Board.
  • The threshold for considering any premises as a factory has also been raised from 10 to 20 workers without the use of power, and from 20 to 40 with power.


  • It is argued that the laws of paramount importance, having far too much impact on the people were passed in haste or without sufficient deliberation.
  • The three codes are an updated version of the respective Codes of 2019, which were scrutinised by a Standing Committee, therefore, it is widely opined that they should have been sent back to the panel for an assessment.
  • The most contentious feature is the increase in the threshold for an establishment to seek government permission before closure, lay-off or retrenchment from units that employ 100 workers to 300.
  • This gives establishments greater freedom in their termination and exit decisions. This was not found in the 2019 draft.
  • It is argued that, with these codes involving a voluminous body of legislation, the final version should have been widely discussed with the stakeholders.
  • Another contentious section allows the appropriate government to exempt any new factory from all provisions of the Code on occupational health, safety and working conditions.
  • There is a fear that expansive powers of the exemption have been conferred on the respective governments and there has been an excessive delegation of rule-making powers.

Source: TH

Transforming Agri-food System with Forests

Transforming Agrifood System with Forests A report on deforestation, livestock grazing, and farmer field schools was recently published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. At the digital conference FAO-Global Landscapes Forum: Transforming agrifood systems with forests, FAO released the report. A group of

Listing of Regional Rural Banks on Stock Exchange

Listing of Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) on Stock Exchanges The Finance Ministry has released the draught rules for Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) listing on stock exchanges. In the distribution of credit in rural places, RRBs are essential. Details about the news: Regional rural banks (RRBs) would be permitted to list on stock ex

Desertification and Land Degradation

Desertification and Land Degradation To rehabilitate degraded land and stop the spread of desert in India, the government intends to combine the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). Major Points: Rising Degraded Land: At least 30% of India

Midday Meal Scheme

Midday Meal Scheme The Ministry of Finance has approved an increase in the cost of cooking for each child participating in the Mid-Day Meal Program by 9.6%. Cooking expenses per kid have been Rs 4.97 in primary classes (class I–V) and Rs 7.45 in upper primary schools (class VI-VIII) since the recent increase in early 2020. The allo

Melting of Arctic Ice & Ocean acidification

Melting of Arctic Ice & Ocean acidification The western Arctic Ocean's altering chemistry has just been brought to light by a research team. Information about the study Research findings: Three to four times quicker than other ocean waters, the acidity levels in Arctic seas are rising, according to the study. Seawater typi


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts