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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 26 November, 2020

  • 3 Min Read

Constitution Day

The Constitution Day

Today on 26th November, 71st constitution day will be celebrated in the country. Every year as part of the celebrations, a number of activities aimed at highlighting and reiterating the values and principles enshrined in the Constitution are organised.

Key Points

  • In 1934, M N Roy first proposed the idea of a constituent assembly. Under the Cabinet Mission plan of 1946, elections were held for the formation of the constituent assembly.
  • Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas is also known as National Law Day.
  • The day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution in India.
  • On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950.
  • The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on 19 November, 2015, notified the decision of the Government of India to celebrate 26 November as 'Constitution Day'.

About the Constitution of India:

  • The framing of the Constitution took over 2 years, 11 months and 18 days.
  • The original copies of the Indian Constitution weren’t typed or printed. They have been handwritten and are now kept in a helium-filled case within the library of the Parliament.
  • Prem Bihari Narain Raizada had written the unique copies of the Structure of India.
  • Originally, the Constitution of India was written in English and Hindi.
  • The Constitution of India has borrowed some of its features from a number of countries, including Britain, Ireland, Japan, USA, South Africa, Germany, Australia, and Canada.
  • The basic structure of the Indian Constitution stands on the Government of India Act, 1935.
  • World's lengthiest Constitution Federal System with Unitary Features Parliamentary Form of Government

Drafting Committee:

  • The Drafting Committee had seven members: Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar,

N. Gopalaswami, B.R. Ambedkar, K.M Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla,

B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan.

  • At its first meeting on 30th August 1947, the Drafting Committee elected

B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman.

Source: TH


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