12 November, 2019
Syllabus subtopic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
News: The Jammu and Kashmir UT will set up a 10-member committee that will declare Dal Lake, an Eco-sensitive Zone.
Prelims focus: Eco Sensitive zones- how are they declared and key provisions in this regard, about Dal Lake.
Mains focus: Significance and the need for these zones, and issues related to management of these zones.
Mission: According to a report, the area of the Dal Lake has shrunk to 24 sq km from 31 sq km and the lake has witnessed significant changes in land use and cover, apart from increasing human population.
About Eco-sensitive zones
The Environment Protection Act, 1986 does not mention the word “Eco-sensitive Zones”.
The above two clauses have been effectively used by the government to declare Eco-Sensitive Zones or Ecologically Fragile Areas (EFA). The same criteria have been used by the government to declare No Development Zones.
The MoEF (Ministry of Environment & Forests) has approved a comprehensive set of guidelines laying down parameters and criteria for declaring ESAs.
These include Species Based (Endemism, Rarity etc), Ecosystem Based (sacred groves, frontier forests etc) and Geomorphologic feature based (uninhabited islands, origins of rivers etc).
About Dal Lake:
Source: The Hindu
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