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  • 30 August, 2022

  • 9 Min Read

Digital Economy in India UPSC

Digital Economy In India

Image Source - Inc42

A comprehensive legislative framework for the digital economy is being developed by the government.

About digital economy

The information and communications technology that enables the global network of economic activity, commercial transactions, and professional relationships is known as the "digital economy" (ICT).

The economy based on digital technologies is a brief summary of it.

The fourth industrial revolution

  • The transition from the third to the fourth industrial revolution is reflected in the digital economy.
  • The transition from analogue electronic and mechanical devices to digital technology, often known as the third industrial revolution or the digital revolution, occurred in the latter half of the 20th century.
  • The fourth industrial revolution expands on the digital revolution as modern technology keeps bridging the real world and the virtual one.

Advantages of The Digital Economy

  • Productivity increases as a result of the digital economy because businesses may now employ technology to automate many tasks and procedures.
  • Technology can be used by businesses to enhance their goods and services and boost competitiveness. Because of this, commercial competition has intensified.
  • Cost savings: Digitization has enabled firms to automate jobs that formerly required manual labour. Due to decreasing operating expenses for firms, consumers now pay less for goods and services.
  • Better and more practical items are now available to clients thanks to digitized enterprises, who can also give them more affordable pricing. Customers may now shop whenever and wherever they want thanks to new business models like e- and m-commerce.
  • Employment prospects have increased as a result of the emergence of new enterprises in the digital economy. New job positions have also been developed and distributed globally.
  • A higher quality of life is now possible thanks to the global reach of the digital economy. People now have the ability to balance their personal and professional lives, which has improved their quality of life.
  • Transactions are completed more quickly thanks to the digital economy because firms can now employ online payment options.
  • Efficiency gain: By eliminating manual tasks that are prone to error, firms Innovation: As organizations and their processes become more digital, new products and services are developed as well as new ways for them to run.
  • Transparency has increased as a result of the digital economy because companies may now utilize technology to communicate information with their clients.
  • Communication has been improved as a result of the digital economy's increased connectivity. Businesses can now communicate with customers more successfully. They now have a variety of avenues, such as social media, email, and SMS, via which they can communicate with their clients have become more efficient as a result of process digitization.

Initiatives by the Government

  • DigiLocker: This cloud-based platform for issuing, exchanging, and verifying critical documents or certifications was introduced in 2015.
  • MyGov: This platform was introduced in 2014 in an effort to improve communication between the public and the government.
  • BharatNet: It was established to offer 100 Mbps internet connectivity to all 250,000 Gram Panchayats (GPs) in the nation.
  • Smart Cities: In 2015, a plan to use various technologies to make all Indian cities smart cities was launched.
  • Post Offices are being digitalized.
  • Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna
  • Digital India Program

Policy Roadmap for Telecom and IT Sector

Telecom is the first dimension. The writing of a new telecom bill to replace legislation passed in 1885 and 1930 is nearly complete.

The Bill for data protection will come in second.

Third, India is creating a complete digital India Act to replace the IT Act from 2000.

A national data framework is one of the policy frameworks that has been uploaded for review.

Data security with social media:

The concepts of data security and privacy are now widely accepted on a global scale.

Any social media network or app that has privacy issues will be held accountable.

Rollout of 5G:

India would start exporting telecom technologies to other countries by the following year.


  • The digital gap is one of the most significant drawbacks of the digital economy. This divide exists between people with and without access to technology. As a result, there is now a new kind of inequality throughout the world.
  • Cybercrime: As technology is used more frequently, cybercrime has also risen. This is due to the fact that fraud, money laundering, and identity theft are now crimes that may be committed by criminals using technology.
  • Data protection: Businesses run the danger of having their consumer data stolen or exposed as they gather more and more information about their clients. This may result in a decline in customer and business trust.
  • Unemployment: As firms replaced human labour with technology, the digitalisation of the economy has resulted in job losses in several areas. In several industries, unemployment has increased as a result.
  • Privacy worries: As companies gather more information about their customers, there are worries about how this information might be used improperly.
  • Heavy investments are needed in technology for the digitalization of businesses. Small businesses may not have the resources to invest in technology, thus this is a barrier for them.
  • Monopoly: The digitalization of the economy has resulted in the establishment of a small number of large, extremely strong enterprises. This has led to monopolies in some industries.

Way ahead

  • Utilizing current emerging technologies, such as IoT and predictive analytics, can help businesses engage with current and potential customers more effectively, be more responsive, and operate more efficiently.
  • Organizations, whether they are for-profit companies, service providers like healthcare systems, or charity and governmental institutions, will need innovative leaders and staff if they want to compete in the years to come.
  • Learn more about developing or utilizing emerging technologies, or risk falling behind as the digital economy develops.

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Source: The Hindu

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