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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 11 November, 2020

  • 4 Min Read

GIANT METREWAVE RADIO TELESCOPE (GMRT)

GIANT METREWAVE RADIO TELESCOPE (GMRT)

  • The Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope observatory located in Pune has been provided with the prestigious IEEE milestone status.
  • This is the 3rd IEEE milestone recognition being offered to India
  • The previous two IEEE milestone recognition were awarded to JC Bose in 1895 and CV Raman in 1928.
  • JC Bose is regarded as the Father of Wireless Communication.

Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope

  • It is an array of 30 radio telescopes operated by National Centre for Radio Astrophysics.
  • It is a part of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research located in Mumbai.
  • One of the major objectives of the telescope was to search for highly red shift 21-line radiation.
  • These radiations are emitted from the primordial neutral hydrogen clouds.
  • The determination of these radiations will help determine the epoch of galaxy formation in the universe.
  • In February 2020 the telescope helped in observing the biggest explosion in the history of the Universe called the Ophiuchus Supercluster Explosion.

Ophiuchus Supercluster Explosion

  • The extremely powerful eruption occurred in the Ophiuchus supercluster about 390 million light years from the Earth.
  • The eruption occurred due to a supermassive black hole.

Ophiuchus Supercluster

  • It is one of the nearby Galaxy superclusters of the earth located in the Ophiuchus constellation.
  • A supercluster is a group of galaxies. For instance, the milky way is a part of Local Group Galaxy group.

Source: TH


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