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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 18 July, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

GLOBAL LIVEABILITY INDEX 2022

GLOBAL LIVEABILITY INDEX 2022

European Intelligence Unit has released the Global Liveability Index 2022.

About Index

  • It ranked 173 cities based on their liveability or living conditions.
  • The ranking is determined by five broad factors — stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure.
  • While ranking the highest weightage is given to stability and culture and environment (25% each) followed by healthcare and infrastructure with 20% each and education with 10% weightage.
  • Each factor in a city is rated as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable, or intolerable.
  • This time Ukraine's capital Kyiv was not included in the index this time due to Russia's full-scale war with Ukraine.
  • And Russian cities Moscow and St Petersburg fell in the rankings over "censorship" and the impact of Western sanctions.
  • The most livable city according to the index is Vienna. Western European cities along with a few Canadian cities dominate the top ten ranks. The Syrian capital, Damascus is the least livable city in the world

Indian cities

  • For the first time, the list included the five Indian cities; Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, and Bangalore.
  • All five cities scored poorly, ranked between 140 and 146.
  • The ranking of various Indian cities: Delhi at 140, Mumbai at 141, Chennai at 142, Ahmedabad at 143, and Bangalore ranked the least at 146th with a score of 54.4 out of 100.
  • This came as a shocker as Banglore of India topped the ‘Ease of Living Index 2020’ released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Poor performance of Indian cities is due to:

  • Poor public transport, growing slums
  • Cities suffer from congestion and pollution,
  • have inadequate water and poor quality housing,
  • While private health and education are acceptable in these cities, the level and quality of public provision are well below the global average.
  • High levels of corruption and social and religious restrictions also reduce liveability markedly in Indian cities.

Comparison with other South Asian Countries

  • Pakistan’s largest city Karachi was one of the five least livable cities in the world in the index, but it has still scored well than Bangalore, the IT capital of India in terms of infrastructure.
  • Bangladesh's capital Dhaka stood at 166th position. Bangalore scored equal to Lagos in Nigeria, which is the third-least livable city in the world, in terms of infrastructure.

[The infrastructure score is based on the quality of roads, public transportation systems, international links, energy provision, telecommunications, and water availability.]

Source: The Indian Express


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