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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 10 January, 2022

  • 11 Min Read

Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021

Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021

India has climbed 2 spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings.

What is Global Innovation Index?

  • It is a global ranking for countries for success in innovation.
  • It is published by WIPO with Cornell University and INSEAD.
  • It ranks on the basis of IPR to R&D, online creativity, mobile app, education, software spending, ease of doing business etc.

  • India has been on a rising trajectory, over the past several years in the Global Innovation Index (GII), from a rank of 81 in 2015 to 46 in 2021.
  • Innovation has been at the forefront of our battle against the unprecedented crisis created by the pandemic, and will be pivotal in driving the country’s resilience and self-reliance, as enshrined in the Prime Minister's clarion call on Atma Nirbhar Bharat.
  • The consistent improvement in the GII ranking is owing to the immense knowledge capital, the vibrant start-up ecosystem, and the amazing work done by the public and private research organizations.
  • Scientific Departments like the Department of Atomic Energy; the Department of Science and Technology; the Department of Biotechnology and the Department of Space have played a pivotal role in enriching the National Innovation Ecosystem.
  • The NITI Aayog has been working tirelessly to ensure the optimization of the national efforts for bringing policy-led innovation in different areas such as electric vehicles, biotechnology, nano technology, space, alternative energy sources, etc.
  • The India Innovation Index, the latest edition of which was released last year by the NITI Aayog, has been widely accepted as a major step in the direction of decentralization of innovation across all the states of India.
  • The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has also been leading from the front as a torchbearer of India's journey towards an innovation-driven economy.
  • The GII is the fulcrum for the governments – across the world – to assess the social and economic changes in their respective countries. Over the years, the GII has established itself as a policy tool for various governments and helped them to reflect upon the existing status quo.

India Innovation Index 2020

  • It was launched by NITI and Institute for Competitiveness (Gurugram, Haryana)
  • The index, developed on the lines of the Global Innovation Index (GII - by Cornell University, INSEAD and UN WIPO), would help the Indian States and UTs to design policies to drive innovation across regions.
  • It is calculated as the average of the scores of two dimensions - Enablers and Performance.

  • A constant thrust in monitoring and evaluating India’s position in the global rankings has been provided by the NITI Aayog, including in the GII.
  • As we progress further towards saving lives and livelihoods and shaping the national economic growth trajectory, the GII-2021 will be a significant reference point for all the countries to assess their innovation capabilities and readiness, which will go a long way in boosting economic recovery.
  • This year, the NITI Aayog, in partnership with the CII and the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), is hosting, virtually, the India Launch of the GII and the Global Innovation Conclave during September 21-22,2021.

Source: PIB


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