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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 17 December, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment-12th GRIHA Summit

Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment-12th GRIHA Summit

GS-Paper-Economic Issue- PT-MAINS

Context: GRIHA buildings ecosystem for sustainability and sanitation in inspiring behavioural change. Cities bear a massive responsibility to balance present & future needs.

Facts:

**Theme: Rejuvenating Resilient Habitats.

Purpose: To serve as a platform to deliberate on innovative technologies and solutions which shall help in creating robust mechanisms for developing sustainable and resilient solutions for the benefit of the entire community.

Launch Event: The Vice President of India launched the SHASHWAT magazine and the book '30 Stories Beyond Buildings' during the event.

Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA): It is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction. GRIHA is recognised as India’s own green building rating system in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Created By: It was conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Objective: To help design green buildings and, in turn, help evaluate the 'greenness' of the buildings.

Mechanism: The system has been developed to help 'design and evaluate' new buildings (buildings that are still at the inception stages). A building is assessed based on its predicted performance over its entire life cycle.

**Parameters used:

      1. Site selection and planning
      2. Conservation and efficient utilization of resources
      3. Building operation and maintenance
      4. Innovation points

Benefits: This system, along with the activities and processes that lead up to it, benefits the community with the improvement in the environment by reducing GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions, reducing energy consumption and stress on natural resources.

Other missions for SUSTAINABLE URBANISATION

Smart Cities Mission: It is an innovative initiative under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local development and harnessing technology as a means to create smart outcomes for citizens. It is working towards integrated and comprehensive development of cities

Global Housing Technology Challenge: The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

Launched: January 2019

To identify and mainstream the best available and proven construction technologies that are sustainable, green and disaster-resilient to enable a paradigm shift in housing construction.

Affordable Sustainable Housing Accelerators (ASHA): Under this initiative, five Incubation Centers have been set up for identifying innovative materials, processes and technology for resource-efficient, resilient and sustainable construction.

National mission on sustainable habitat

It is one of the eight missions under the national climate change action plan and aims to make cities sustainable through improvements in energy efficiency in buildings, management of solid waste & shift to public transport.

The National Mission for Sustainable Habitat which is a component of the National Action Plan for Climate Change will broadly cover the following aspects: Extension of the energy conservation building code - which addresses the design of new and large commercial buildings to optimize their energy demand; Better urban planning and modal shift to public transport - make long term transport plans to facilitate the growth of medium and small cities in such a way that ensures efficient and convenient public transport; Recycling of material and urban waste management - a special area of focus will be the development of technology for producing power from waste. The National Mission will include a major R&D programme, focusing on bio-chemical conversion, wastewater use, sewage utilization and recycling options wherever possible.

Source: PIB


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