20 October, 2019
Archaeological Survey of India is carrying out precautionary treatments to protect Ajanta cave paintings.
Ajanta caves :
1.Ajanta caves are a series of 30 Buddhist caves located in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra.
2. This site is declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It encompasses both Theravada (Hinayana) and Mahayana Buddhist traditions.
3. It is built on 6th century a.d..
4. It is located along Waghura river.
5. It was under the patronage of Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Chalukyas and Yadavas.
6. Only 5 are Chaityas , rest are Viharas out of 29 caves excavated.
1. The bat and bird excreta damages the paintings.
2. The paintings are good breeding place for microbes and insects thereby damaging the paintings.
3. The main problem is the entry of rainwater and water from the Waghura river , that leads to dampness in the cave atmosphere causing an increase in Algae, fungi ,insects and microbes
4. The insects were silverfish, Beatles and common bugs.
5. All the factors are changing the original colour of the paintings from White to Yellow and Blue who is turning to Green.
Why Ajanta is affected and not Ellora ?
# In Ellora caves "a mixture of hemp ,clay and lime plaster was considered efficient for preserving paintings and carvings" is used.
# Whereas in Ajanta caves, studies have shown that basal layer of the murals was made of mud plaster and organic matter such as paddy husk ,grass ,vegetable fibres, does making it a good breeding place for microbes and insects
1. Using ultraviolet light traps as nocturnal insects get attracted to ultraviolet radiation.
2. Yellow light traps can also be used to trap diagonal species like moths.
3. By understanding the phototactic behaviour of insects, appropriate wavelength lights can be used.
4. Other precautionary measures taken by ASI are:
a. Spraying of insecticides and herbicides
b.Fixing the loose plaster on cave walls
c.Regular cleaning and use of preservative coating on the painting.
Source: THE HINDU
Mission Indradhanush was launched in 2014 under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 1. Between 2009 - 2013, only 1% coverage per year has increased. We have to make it to 5%. 2. Objectives of Mission Indradhanush: We have the aim of full coverage by 2020. Cover all those children who are either unvaccinated or are part
A Bill that could alter the Mediation landscape The background behind Mediation Bill: In General, Disputes Became part and parcel of Day-to-Day Life. Someone or the Other belonging to family or else not a part of the family would be fighting for something. These Disputes may be for Smaller or B
List of all Military Exercises of India 2021 Military Exercises of India with Neighbours Sampriti: India & Bangladesh Mitra Shakti: India & Sri Lanka Surya Kiran: India & Nepal Hand in Hand Exercise: India & China Ekuverin: India & Maldives Military Exercises of India with Other countries Maitree Exer
Consumer Protection (Jurisdiction of the District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission) Rules, 2021 1) Pecuniary Jurisdiction The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 promulgates a three-tier quasi-judicial mechanism for redressal of consumer disputes namely district commissions, state
The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014 aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country. The objectives of the mission are mentioned below: Elimination of open defecation Eradication of Manual S
Copyright© Aspire IAS Academy. All rights reserved. Powered by CLT Technologies & Edu-Publishers Private Limited.