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  • 26 April, 2023

  • 2 Min Read

Hakki Pikkis community

Hakki Pikkis community

  • The government is working to return members of the Hakki Pikki tribal community from Karnataka who are trapped in a violent region of Sudan.

About the Hakki Pikki Tribe

  • They are a semi-nomadic group that originally consisted of bird catchers and hunters; the words "bird" and "catchers" in Kannada are both used to describe them.
  • They reside primarily close to forested areas in a number of states in west and south India.
  • There are 11,892 Hakki Pikki people in Karnataka, according to the 2011 census.
  • They are thought to have been born in the bordering states of Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  • They go by different names depending on where they are, such as Mel-Shikari in Maharashtra and northern Karnataka.


  • There are four clans among them: Gujaratia, Panwar, Kaliwala, and Mewaras.
  • In the old Hindu system, these clans correspond to castes.
  • There used to be a hierarchy among the clans, with the Mewaras at the bottom and the Gujaratia at the top.
  • Hakki Pikkis live according to Hindu customs and observe all Hindu holidays in Karnataka. They don't eat vegetables. In order to make himself more identifiable, a family's eldest son is not supposed to trim his hair.
  • The typical age of marriage is 18 for women and 22 for men, with cross-cousin unions preferred by the tribe. A dowry is given by the groom to the bride's family in this matriarchal society.

Migration Motives

  • The Hakki Pikkis used to live in forested areas, travelling for nine months out of the year before returning to their permanent camps for the remaining three.
  • However, as the laws governing wildlife protection tightened, the Hakki Pikkis of Karnataka began to market spices, herbal oils, and plastic flowers at neighbourhood temple fairs.
  • Approximately 20–25 years ago, Hakki Pikkis from Tamil Nadu visited Singapore, Thailand, and other locations to sell some marbles. During their travels, they learned that there was a significant market for Ayurvedic goods on the African continent.
  • Karnataka Hakki Pikkis followed them after they began marketing their goods in Africa.

Read Also: Community Forest Resource Rights

Source: Indian Express

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