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  • 08 February, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

IFFCO Nano Urea 

IFFCO Nano Urea

To lay the cornerstone for the IFFCO nano urea liquid fertilizer factory in Jasidih, the Union Home and Cooperation Minister will travel to Deoghar in Jharkhand.

About nano urea:

  • The chemical fertiliser urea, which is white in colour, artificially supplies nitrogen, a key nutrient needed by plants.
  • It was created to replace traditional urea and can reduce the need for it by at least 50%.
  • It has 40,000 mg/L of nitrogen in a 500 ml bottle, which is the same amount of nitrogen as is present in one bag of regular urea and has the same nutritional impact.
  • Its goals are to decrease the uncontrolled and indiscriminate use of conventional urea, boost crop productivity, and lessen air, water, and soil pollution.

The benefits of nano urea:

  • An innovative agricultural input called Nano Urea uses nanotechnology to supply nitrogen to plants.
  • It is a good choice for farmers who want to practise smart agriculture and stop climate change.
  • It lessens the number of nutrients lost from agricultural fields by leaching and gaseous emissions, which contribute to environmental pollution and climate change.
  • Nanourea can easily penetrate through leaf stomatal holes and be applied on leaves.
  • It lessens the requirement for conventional urea by at least 50%.
  • Enhances Plant Nutrition: It has been discovered to be effective and efficient for plant nutrition, increasing production and providing food with higher nutritional standards.
  • By lowering the excessive use of urea application in the soil, it will support a balanced nutrition programme and improve crop strength, health, and protection from the lodging effect.
  • Grain crops that lodge have stems that are bent over close to the ground, which makes them exceedingly difficult to harvest and significantly lowers output.
  • Environmental Improvements: It will also significantly improve the quality of groundwater and significantly reduce global warming, which will have an effect on climate change and sustainable development.

The drawbacks of nano-fertilizers:

  • Lack of a risk management strategy for nano fertilizers.
  • Nano fertilisers are not produced in sufficient amounts or are not readily available. This restricts the use of nano-fertilizers as a source of plant nutrients on a larger scale.
  • The procedure of formulation is not standardised. Due to the diverse pedoclimatic circumstances, the same nanomaterial produces various effects.

Way Forward

  • Guidelines for the establishment of entrepreneurs for the drone spraying of liquid fertilisers have also been released by the department.
  • Numerous initiatives are used to promote the use of nano urea, including awareness campaigns, webinars, nukkad natak, field demonstrations, Kisan sammelans, and regional language movies.

Source: News On Air

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