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  • 08 November, 2019

  • 4 Min Read

India Justice Report (IJR) 2019

Syllabus subtopic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

News: India Justice Report (IJR) 2019 has been released.

Prelims focus: Key findings of the report

Mains focus: Concerns expressed by the report and ways to address them.

  • It has been prepared by Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, Daksh, TISS-Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy.

  • It is India’s first-ever ranking of states on justice delivery.

Performance of various states:

  1. The list is topped by Maharashtra.
  2. Maharashtra is followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Key Issues highlighted:

  1. Vacancy was an issue across the pillars of the police, prisons, and the judiciary, with only about half the states having made the effort to reduce these over a five-year period.
  2. The country as a whole has about 18,200 judges with about 23 per cent sanctioned posts vacant.
  3. By 2017, women are also poorly represented in these pillars.
  4. The prisons in the country were over occupied at 114 per cent, where 68 per cent are undertrials awaiting investigation, inquiry or trial.
  5. Nationally, high vacancies in the justice system.
  6. Only two states have met the 80 per cent of SC/ST/OBC reservation required to be followed and that there are high vacancies in prison staff.

Source: The Hindu

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