ITIs are the backbone of the vocational training system, the only source of supply of skilled manpower to manufacturing industry.
There are 11,500 ITIs having about 16 lakh seats. But this is grossly inadequate.
Only 10% of the workforce has got formal or informal technical training. Only one fourth of this is formally trained.
The intake capacity of UG engineering colleges was > 16 lakh in India which was almost same as seating capacity of ITIs. But admissions are not there. Blue collar works are not respected.
Over 60 years of existence, ITIs have given excellent technicians, mechanics, entrepreneurs and professional leaders.
The Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are affiliated by the Directorate General of Training (DGT), an attached office of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
However, day to day management and administrative control of ITIs remains with the respective State Governments or its’ managements.
The respective state governments and the private management upgrade the ITIs as per the norms and need from time to time. In addition, the central government also aids the upgradation by providing financial aids through the following schemes:
Upgradation of existing Government ITIs into ModelITI under whichan amount of Rs.143.31 crores (including State Share) has been released for upgradation of 29 it is.
Enhancing Skill Development Infrastructure in North Easternunder which.Rs. 237.06 crore (Central Share) has been released for interaliaupgradation of 22 ITIs.
Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement project also supports among other activities upgradation of it is for which Rs 284.80 crores has been released to 421 ITIs.
ITIs are for training the potential industrial workforce through long-term training programmes mainly, of 1 and 2 year duration. However, in case of surplus capacity they may be affiliated for conducting short term training programmes which can be customized among others also forexisting and workers of unorganized sector as per the contextual needs. In addition, 295 ITIs have been affiliated by the DGT for offering short term training programme under PradhanMantriKaushalVikasYojana 3.0.