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GS-II :
  • 02 September, 2019

  • Min Read

Interpol Red Notice

GS-II: Interpol Red Notice

News

As many as 18 requests for RNs from India are pending with Interpol, including against famous fugitives hiding abroad.

INTERPOL:

  • Interpol is a global police cooperation agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO).
  • It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923.
  • Its headquarter is located at Lyon, France.
  • It is the world’s largest international police organization, with 194 member countries (including India).
  • It is second-largest international organization after United Nations in terms of international representation.
  • Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, environmental crime etc.

Red Notices

  • Criminals or suspects often flee to other countries to evade facing justice. A Red Notice alerts police forces across the world about fugitives who are wanted internationally.
  • Interpol describes an RN as “a request to law enforcement worldwide to locate and provisionally arrest a person pending extradition, surrender, or similar legal action”.
  • RNs contain information that helps identify wanted persons, such as their names, dates of birth, nationality, and physical attributes such as the colour of their hair and eyes.

Why Red Notice?

  • RNs mention the crime(s) they are wanted for.
  • An RN is published by Interpol at the request of a member country.
  • The fugitives may be wanted for prosecution or to serve a sentence.
  • The country issuing the request need not be the home country of the fugitive; Interpol acts on the request of a country where the alleged crime has been committed.

Importance of Red Notice

  • An RN can help bring a fugitive to justice, sometimes many years after the crime was committed.
  • However, because an RN is not an arrest warrant, action against a fugitive frequently rests on the diplomatic clout that the country making the request has with the country where the fugitive is located.
  • Nations with a big international profile, and economic or political heft, are often more successful than the rest.

Source: The Hindu


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