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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 15 July, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

KERALA REPORTS INDIA FIRST MOKEYPOX CASE

KERALA REPORTS INDIA FIRST MOKEYPOX CASE

The first confirmed case of monkeypox in India has been reported in a 35-year-old man in Kerala, who reached the state capital three days ago from the UAE.

The who has reported that from January 1 to June 22 a total of 3,413 laboratory-confirmed monkeypox cases and one death have been reported to it from 50 countries and territories.

A huge number of the cases have been reported from the European region (86%) and America (11%)

About Monkeypox

  • It is a viral zoonotic disease and it is identified as a pox-like disease among monkeys hence it is named monkeypox. It is endemic to Nigeria.
  • It is caused by a monkeypox virus, a member of the orthopoxviral genus in the family Poxviridae.
  • Animals that are a source of the monkeypox virus are monkeys, apes, rats, mice, and rabbits.

Symptoms

  • The people who are infected by the virus have rashes on their skin that will look like chicken pox.
  • Fever, malaise, and headache from monkeypox are usually more severe than in chickenpox infection.
  • Monkeypox can be distinguished from smallpox because the lymph gland gets enlarged.

Vulnerability

  • It spreads rapidly and can cause one out of ten deaths if infected.

Transmission

  • It is through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluid, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal, eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor
  • Human-to-human transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretion.

Treatment and Vaccine

  • No specific treatment or vaccine is available for monkeypox infection. Earlier, the anti-smallpox vaccine was shown to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox.
  • The world was declared free of smallpox in 1980 and currently, there is no global system in place to manage the spread of monkeypox, and every country is struggling to contain the outbreak whenever it occurs.

Strict surveillance and the proper response is the need of the hour with special emphasis on raising awareness of the disease and avoiding contact with wild animals as much as possible.

Source: The Hindu


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