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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 02 July, 2022

  • 4 Min Read

LEPROSY

LEPROSY

There has been an acute shortage of the essential drug named Clofazimine in the private market which is used for the treatment of leprosy.

  • Clofazimine along with Rifampicin and Dapsone is one of the three essential drugs in the multi-drug treatment of Multibacillary Leprosy

About leprosy

  • It is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.
  • It mainly affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose, and the upper respiratory tract.
  • Leprosy is also known as Hansen’s disease.
  • It is one of the oldest diseases recorded in history.
  • It damages the nerve, and weakens the muscle and if it’s not treated then it could lead to significant disability.
  • It is common in many countries, especially those with tropical and subtropical climates including India

Prevalence of diseases

  • World health organization reports that leprosy is endemic in several Indian states and union territories, with an annual case detection rate of 4.56 per 10,000 population.
  • Every year India reports more than 1,25,000 new patients with leprosy.

Government step to tackle leprosy

National Leprosy Eradication Programme :

  • This program is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the umbrella of the National Health Mission (NHM).
  • India has achieved the elimination of leprosy as a public health problem i.e., defined as less than 1 case per 10,000 populations at the National level.
  • The program aims at eliminating leprosy in each of the districts by 2030.

In the year 2017, SPARSH Leprosy Awareness Campaign was launched to promote awareness and address the issues of stigma and discrimination.

Source: The Hindu


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