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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 02 February, 2021

  • 3 Min Read

NAM Summit

What is Non- Aligned Movement?

  • Non-Aligned Movement is an idea that emerged in 1950.
  • NAM is the second-largest platform globally in terms of country membership after the UN with more than 120 members.

Evolution of NAM:

  • During 1950s, the world was emerging out of the long, dark period of colonialism.
  • Newly independent nations dreamed they could make their way in this new world without inclining to either of the big powers.
  • United States and the Soviet Union went into Cold War so to avoid obtaining Bipolarity, a third front was sought.
  • The co-founders were India’s Jawaharlal Nehru, Indonesia’s Sukarno, Egypt’s Gemal Abdel Nasser, Yugoslavia’s Josep Broz Tito, and Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah.
  • The Asian-African Conference of 1955 held in Bandung was the catalyst for the establishment of the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • The actual formation took place in Belgrade it was formally established by the leaders of 25 developing countries in 1961.

Objectives:

  • To create an independent path in world politics that would not result in member States becoming pawns in the struggles between the major powers.
  • The three elements that define the approach of the organisation are:
    • Right of independent judgement
    • Struggle against imperialism and neo-colonialism
    • Use of moderation in relations with all big powers
  • Currently, an objective of the organisation is restructuring the international economic order.
  • NAM espouses ideals of right to self-determination, anti-apartheid, anti-colonialism, national independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of nations, anti-imperialism in all forms, non-adherence to multilateral military pacts, disarmament, against racism, against foreign occupation and domination, peaceful coexistence etc.

Recent Summits:

  • 17th NAM Summit 2015 Caracas, Venezulea
  • 18th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement was held October 25 and 26, 2019 in Baku.
    • Azerbaijan will hold the NAM presidency for 3 years until the 19th summit in 2022.
  • NAM Summit 2020
    • It held online on 4th May 2020.
    • It was chaired by Azerbaijan’s President.
    • Theme – “United against COVID-19

Source: Aspire IAS Notes


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