25 November, 2019
Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
News: The latest National Statistical Office (NSO) survey on sanitation debunked the claims of an open defecation free or ODF India made by the Centre’s flagship Swachh Bharat scheme, although it did record great progress in toilet access and use in rural areas.
Prelims focus: about NSO, its findings on ODF status in India
Mains focus: about Swachh Bharat Abhiyan , challenges and achievements so far
What did the results show?
State wise results:
The 71% access to toilets was still a significant improvement over the situation during the last survey period in 2012, when only 40% of the rural households had access to toilets.
The NSO’s statistics on toilet usage were also encouraging. It said 95% of people with access to toilets in rural India used them regularly, indicating that the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’s efforts to change behaviour had borne fruit. Only 3.5% of those with toilet access in rural India said they never used them.
About Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
National Statistical Office (NSO) (under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation)
The NSO has four Divisions:
Source: The Hindu
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