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  • 06 July, 2021

  • 9 Min Read

National Ganga River Basin Authority, 2009

National Ganga River Basin Authority, 2009

  1. It was established in 2009 under Environment Protection Act, 1986 (which also declared Ganga as a 'National river'). It is financing, planning, implementing, monitoring, and coordinating authorities for Ganga under Jal Shakti Ministry.
  2. In 2014, it is transferred from MoEF to the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  3. PM is the Chairperson. In 2016, it was changed to National Ganga Council (NGC).
  4. NMCG (National Mission on Clean Ganga), 2016
    1. It is the implementation wing of NGC set up in 2016 under River Ganga Authority Order 2016 (which dissolved NGRBA).
    2. It has 2 tier management structure (Governing Council & Executive Committee - 1000 crore approval).
    3. It has 5 tier structure at the National, State & Dist levels: NGC (PM), Empowered Task Force (MoJS), NMCG (2016), State Ganga Committees & Dist Ganga Committees.
    4. NMCG organized Ganga Vriksharopan Abhiyan in 5 Ganga basin States - UK, UP, BR, JH, WB. It is campaign for awareness.
    5. Ganga Gram Swachta Sammelan = Emphasis on Open Defection Free, Solid and Liquid Waste Management, Water conservation, Groundwater Recharge, Modern Crematorium, Tree plantation, Organic & medicinal plant agri.
  5. Namami Gange Programme
    1. It is an umbrella programme which integrates ongoing initiatives.
    2. The main pillars of NGP are Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure; River-Surface Cleaning in parts; Afforestation; Industrial Effluent Monitoring; River-Front Development; Bio-Diversity; Public Awareness; Ganga Gram.
    3. Commissioning of sewage treatment plants (STP) and laying sewer lines are at the heart of the mission to clean the Ganga.

Source: TH

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