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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 21 August, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

Organic Farming in India

Organic Farming in India

Context

  • India ranks 1st in the number of organic farmers and 9th in terms of area under organic farming.

Indian Scenario Regarding Organic Farming

  • Sikkim became the first State in the world to become fully organic in 2016.
  • North East India has traditionally been organic and the consumption of chemicals is far less than the rest of the country.
  • Similarly, the tribal and island territories have been traditionally practising organic farming.
  • The major organic exports from India have been flax seeds, sesame, soybean, tea, medicinal plants, rice and pulses.
  • There was an increase of nearly 50% in organic exports in 2018-19, touching Rs. 5151 crore.
  • Commencement of exports from Assam, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland to the UK, USA and Italy has proved the potential by increasing volumes and expanding to new destinations as the demand for healthy foods increases.

Government Initiatives:

Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD-NER)

  • Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD-NER) is a Central Sector Scheme, a sub-mission under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
  • It was launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare in 2015 for implementation in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.
  • The scheme aims to develop certified organic production in a value chain mode to link growers with consumers and to support the development of the entire value chain.

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)

  • Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, launched in 2015 is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
  • Under PKVY, Organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic villages by cluster approach and Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification.

Certification Schemes

  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is the food regulator in the country and is also responsible for regulating organic food in the domestic market and imports.
  • Participatory Guarantee System (PGS): PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards. PGS Green is given to chemical free produce under transition to ‘organic’ which takes 3 years. It is mainly for domestic purpose.
  • National Program for Organic Production (NPOP): NPOP grants organic farming certification through a process of third party certification for export purposes.
  • Soil Health Card Scheme has led to a decline of 8-10% in the use of chemical fertilizers and also raised productivity by 5-6%.

Zero Budget Natural Farming

  • Zero budget natural farming is a method of chemical-free agriculture drawing from traditional Indian practices.

What is Organic Farming?

  • According to FSSAI, ’organic farming’ is a system of farm design and management to create an ecosystem of agriculture production without the use of synthetic external inputs such as chemical fertilisers, pesticides and synthetic hormones or genetically modified organisms.
  • Organic farm produce means the produce obtained from organic agriculture, while organic food means food products that have been produced in accordance with specified standards for organic production.

Source: TH


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