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  • 20 March, 2021

  • 4 Min Read

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

As in March 2021, India has 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups across 18 states and Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

  • In India, tribal population makes up for 8.6% of the total population.
  • PVTGs are more vulnerable among the tribal groups.
  • Due to this factor, more developed and assertive tribal groups take a major chunk of the tribal development funds.
  • In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups.

Characteristics of PVTG’s:

  • PVTGs have declining or stagnant population,
  • Low level of literacy,
  • Pre-agricultural level of technology,
  • Economically backward,
  • Generally inhabit remote localities having poor infrastructure and administrative support.
  • Among the 75 listed PVTGs, highest number is in Odisha (13 PVTGs).
  • All the 4 tribal groups in Andaman, and 1 in Nicobar Islands, are PVTGs.
  • Largest population size among the PVTGs is Saharia people of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • Smallest population size is the Sentineles.

Schemes for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs implements the Scheme of “Development of PVTGs” exclusively for them.
  • Under this scheme, Conservation-cum-Development (CCD) / Annual Plans are to be prepared by each State / UT for their PVTGs based on their need assessment.

Also, priority is assigned to PVTGs under the schemes of

  • Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Tribal Sub-Scheme (TSS),
  • Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution.

Source: TH

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