×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 22 October, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

Return of the socialists: On the victory of Evo Morales’s party in Bolivia

Return of the socialists: On the victory of Evo Morales’s party in Bolivia

Context

  • Preliminary results of Sunday’s Presidential election in Bolivia point to an emphatic victory for the former President Evo Morales’s Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) party almost a year after he was ousted by protesters and the military.

Background:

  • This is as much a victory for Mr. Morales, Bolivia’s first indigenous leader, as it is for Mr. Arce.
  • Mr. Morales left the country, first for Mexico and then for Argentina, after the Generals asked him to stand down in November 2019.
  • Since then, Jeanine Añez, a right-wing conservative Senator, has been the acting President, rolling back many of Mr. Morales’s policies and going after his supporters.
  • But MAS mobilised its supporters and fought back.
  • Mr. Arce promised voters that if elected, he would carry forward the pro-poor socialist legacy of Mr. Morales, while MAS portrayed Mr. Mesa as a representative of the pre-Morales elites, whose rapid privatisation and pro-market policies had triggered frequent mass protests.

Achievements of socialist regime in Bolivia:

  • The results demonstrate that the voters chose the equity-oriented socialist stability, which MAS offered, over the free-market conservatism of its rivals.
  • Mr. Morales is credited with turning around South America’s poorest country economically.
  • Under his government, Bolivia saw a drop in extreme poverty, from 33% of the population in 2006 to 15% in 2018.
  • He also stepped up public investments, opened more schools and health clinics, built roads and nationalised the oil and gas industry, all while ensuring that the economy continued to expand.
  • These policies helped MAS build a strong connect with the poor, a base which continued to back the party despite last year’s political turbulence.

Morales actions that led to coup like situation in 2019:

  • At the same time, Morales push to stay in power beyond the term limits set by the Constitution helped the Opposition organise itself.
  • He got the ban lifted by a constitutional court after his bid failed in a referendum.
  • This raised questions about the legitimacy of his candidacy in the October 2019 election, which he won but was accused of fraud, leading to protests and his ouster.

Conclusion:

  • Mr. Arce’s biggest challenge would be to continue Mr. Morales’s welfare policies, while keeping the battered economy on track.
  • Moreover, the anti-Socialist and mostly white opposition is now more powerful, after ousting Mr. Morales and having run the interim government for a year with the U.S.’s support.
  • Mr. Arce can keep the galvanised opposition at bay only by continuing MAS’s socio-economic “revolution” to expand its support base in a divided country.

Source: TH


What is Mission Indradhanush ?

Mission Indradhanush was launched in 2014 under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.  1. Between 2009 - 2013, only 1% coverage per year has increased. We have to make it to 5%. 2. Objectives of Mission Indradhanush: We have the aim of full coverage by 2020. Cover all those children who are either unvaccinated or are part

Mediation Bill 2021 - Detailed Overview

A Bill that could alter the Mediation landscape The background behind Mediation Bill:         In General, Disputes Became part and parcel of  Day-to-Day Life. Someone or the Other belonging to family or else not a part of the family would be fighting for something. These Disputes may be for Smaller or B

Military exercises of India

List of all Military Exercises of India 2021 Military Exercises of India with Neighbours Sampriti: India & Bangladesh Mitra Shakti: India & Sri Lanka Surya Kiran: India & Nepal Hand in Hand Exercise: India & China Ekuverin: India & Maldives Military Exercises of India with Other countries Maitree Exer

Consumer Protection Rules, 2021

Consumer Protection (Jurisdiction of the District Commission, the State Commission and the National Commission) Rules, 2021 1) Pecuniary Jurisdiction The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 promulgates a three-tier quasi-judicial mechanism for redressal of consumer disputes namely district commissions, state

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0

The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014 aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country. The objectives of the mission are mentioned below: Elimination of open defecation Eradication of Manual S

DNA

28 Jan,2022

Students Achievement

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts