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  • 01 September, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

About Zaporizhzhia

  • The biggest nuclear power plant in Europe is located in Zaporizhzhia, a significant town in southeast Ukraine.
  • The distance from the nuclear facility is around 40 km (25 miles) up the Dnieper River.
  • Ukraine has four nuclear power plants with a total of 15 reactors.
  • Six reactors of the Zaporizhzhia plant together generate about 5,700 MW of electricity. About 50% of Ukraine's energy needs are met by nuclear energy.
  • As a state without nuclear weapons, Ukraine has ratified the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. IAEA safeguards are in place for all of its nuclear sites. This means that every single piece of nuclear fuel and material, as well as every kilogram of uranium and gram of plutonium, must be tracked and reported.

Control: In March 2022, Russian forces assaulted the factory and quickly took control of it.

  • Reactors in Zaporizhzhia are reportedly quite safe. It is doubtful that gunfire or even shelling will result in significant damage or a nuclear accident. Uncertainty exists over the reactors' ability to withstand heavy bomb or missile strikes.

Recent problems:

  • This month's combat escalation in the town, which included shelling and mortar attacks, some of which damaged the nuclear power plant, has stoked fears of a nuclear meltdown.
  • Future Prospect: Given how unstable the situation is, it is anticipated that neither party would act recklessly enough to directly bomb the reactor in order to set off a nuclear explosion.

International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA)

  • The Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which was held at the United Nations Headquarters, ratified the IAEA's statute on October 23, 1956. It becomes effective on July 29, 1957.
  • It serves as the primary intergovernmental forum for international cooperation in nuclear science and technology.
  • It promotes the safe, secure, and nonviolent applications of nuclear science and technology, advancing global security and stability as well as the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.

Also, Read - Abhijeet Sen

Source: The Indian Express

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