SC/ST Education-Social Inclusion
What’s in News?
After several years of rising trends, the Centre has reduced the percentage allocation of funds for the education of schoolchildren from SC and ST communities as well as for the northeastern region in the coming year.
In its report on the demand for grants submitted to the Rajya Sabha, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development expressed its concern at these declines and urged higher allocations.
Scheduled Caste Welfare in India
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Social Issue/Social Inclusion
Scheduled castes are those castes/races in the country that suffer from extreme social, educational and economic backwardness arising out of the age-old practice of untouchability and certain others on account of lack of infrastructure facilities and geographical isolation, and who need special consideration for safeguarding their interests and for their accelerated socio-economic development. Thes
The marginalisation of justice in public discourse
Given the compulsion to advance our self-interest, the burden of sacrifice for achieving national goals is easily passed on to those who are powerless to resist it.
The idea of distributive justice requires not only a social condition marked by an absence of love or familiarity but also the circumstances of justice.
For instance, a society where everything is abundantly available would no
National Social Assistance Programme
NSAP stands for National Social Assistance Programme. NSAP was launched on 15th August 1995. It is under the Ministry of Rural Development.
The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) represents a significant step toward the fulfilment of the Directive Principles in Articles 41 and 42 of the Constitution recognizing the concurrent responsibility of the Central and State Governments in the matter.
In particular, Article 41 of the Constituti
As per the Census 2011, there are 4,87,803 persons under the category called ‘Other’.
Among all the states, the top four states with high transgender populations were UP, AP, BH, and MH.
Younger individuals, women, people with higher levels of education, and people with higher incomes are more approving of transgender rights.
Mexico, Cuba, Equador, Bolivia, S.Africa, Portugal, Sweden, and Nepal has one of the most progressive laws to protect gay
“Gender Samvaad” Event by Ministry of Rural Development
The Ministry of Rural Development recently organized the Gender Samvaad Event.
About Gender Samvaad Event:
Gender Samvaad is a cooperation between Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission(DAY-NRLM) and Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE).
It aims to generate greater awareness about gender-related interventions under DAY-NRLM across the country. It focuse
Indian Human Development Survey, 2015 (IHDS)-Trust on govt. institutions
Importance of trust
There is a positive relationship between trust and the development of financial markets.
Operation of these markets is contingent on the trustworthiness of debtors, as legal methods of recovery of dues are fraught with delays and heavy expenses.
Turning to labour markets, higher trust manifests in ‘higher levels of cooperative relations between labour and management
Universal Social Welfare
The country witnessed multiple crises during Covid-19: mass inter- and intra-migration, food insecurity, and crumbling health infrastructure.
Covid-19 has pushed an estimated 75 million people in India into poverty.
The second wave has brought even the middle and upper-class citizens to their knees.
Economic capital, in the absence of social capital, has proven to be insufficient in accessing healthcare facilities.
Illness is univer
Hindi gains due to a demographic shift
When the Centre launched its NIPUN Bharat scheme in July 2021 to improve foundational literacy and numeracy among primary school students, participants from non-Hindi speaking States complained that they were the ones left feeling illiterate as they could not understand either the speeches, nor the PowerPoint presentations on the scheme, all made in formal Hindi. (Read about the Eighth Schedule Languages first.)
Last August, Tamil Nadu delegates at
FAMILY COURT AMENDMENT BILL 2022
The Lok Sabha passed the Family Courts (Amendment) Bill, 2022 which seeks to amend the Family Court Act, 1984 to establish a family court in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
About the Bill:
The Bill amends the Family Courts Act, 1984.
The Act allows state governments to establish Family Courts to deal with disputes related to family and marriage.
The Central Government is empowered to notify the dates for t
Significance OF Tribes
Every year on August 9th, there is a celebration known as World Tribal Day or International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples.
Its objectives are to advance and defend the rights of all indigenous peoples worldwide and to recognize their contributions to global issues like environmental preservation.
The day commemorates the 1982 Geneva gathering of the United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations.
Healthcare for Transgender Individuals
The Union government has announced that under the Ayushman Bharat program, transgender people will receive yearly health insurance of Rs. 5 lakhs.
About the recent decision
There are 4.8 lakh transgender people in India who are eligible for the program's benefits.
Memorandum of understanding
A memorandum of
Ban on Conversion Therapy for the LGBTQIA+ Community
In a letter to all State Medical Councils, the National Medical Commission (NMC) forbade conversion therapy for the LGBTQIA+ community and referred to it as "professional misconduct."
The Indian Medical Council (Professional Conduct, Etiquettes and Ethics) Regulations, 2002, which the NMC used in its declaration that conversion treatment is unethical, were issued by the Madras High Court.
The NMC also granted the State enti
Same-sex Marriage under the Special Marriage Act, 1954
In response to a petition filed by two gay couples seeking recognition of same-sex marriage under the Special Marriage Act of 1954, the Supreme Court has served notice to the Indian Government and Attorney General.
A two-judge panel led by Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud issued the notice as a consequence of numerous petitions.
Same-sex marriage is not recognised, which amounts to discrimination that undermines the dignity a