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  • 23 January, 2024

  • 2 Min Read

Adi Shankaracharya & Advaita

All 4 shankaracharyas will not attend Ram temple inauguration in 2024.

  • BirthKalady village on the bank of the River Periyar in Kerala.
  • Period – Between 788 and 820 AD.
  • GuruGovinda Bhagavatpada.
  • Works – Visiting spiritual centres, challenging prevalent philosophical traditions, and establishing mathas, organising monastic orders and a proponent of Advaita Vedanta.
  • Spiritual visits – From Kanchi in Tamil Nadu to Kamrup in Assam, from Kashmir, Kedar & Badri dhams in the Himalayas to Kashi on the bank of the Ganga and Puri on the Bay of Bengal.
  • Contributions – He is also popularly identified as the author of 116 works, including celebrated commentaries (or bhashyas) on 10 Upanishads, the Brahmasutra, and the Bhagavad Gita.
  • Shankara’s legacy – His mathas are seen as keepers of Hindu faith and traditions and imagined of Hindu India transcending the political boundaries of his time.


They are religious teachers who belong to a line of teachers going back all the way to Adi Shankara himself.

MeaningTeacher of the way of Shankara.

  • A religious title used by the heads of the 4 cardinal maths believed to have been established by Adi Shankara (c 788 CE-820 CE).

Mathas – Dwarka (Gujarat), Joshimath (Uttarakhand), Puri (Odisha), and Sringeri (Karnataka)

  • They comprise religious shrines and temples, as well as libraries and residences.
  • There is little historical evidence for the existence of these mathas prior to the 14th century CE, when the Vijayanagara kingdom began to patronise the Sringeri matha.

Advaita Vedanta

  • A school of Hindu philosophy and spiritual discipline.
  • Proponent – Adi Shankara
  • PrinciplesRadical nondualism, it posits that all that we perceive is ultimately illusory (maya), and that the principle of brahman is the only true reality of all things, transcending empirical plurality.
  • Fundamental thrust – It lies in the unity of atman or individual consciousness, and brahman or the ultimate reality.
  • Spread – Through systematised theories of metaphysics, language, and epistemology.


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