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Pandemics of the world

Pandemics of the world Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Health COVID-19 is the most recent disease which was declared as pandemic by the World Health Organization. Difference between Epidemic Vs Pandemic Epidemic is a term that is often broadly used to describe any problem that has grown out of control. An epidemic is defined as "an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of the population."2? An epid

‘Proactive steps’: Egypt seeks IMF help to fight coronavirus

‘Proactive steps’: Egypt seeks IMF help to fight coronavirus Egypt asked for emergency financing to support investor confidence as it suffers an economic hit from the virus. Egypt has asked the International Monetary Fund for financial assistance to shore up investor confidence in the economy as authorities work to offset the impact of the coronavirus pandemic. Assistance involves the use of the IMF's Rapid Financing Instrument and a Stand-By Arrangement. These lending

Activists seek testing of Ganga water for COVID-19 treatment-CSIR-NEERI

  Introduction Mission under Jal Shakti Ministry sends the pitch to ICMR The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), an arm of the Jal Shakti Ministry that deals with the Ganga clean-up plan, has forwarded to the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) a proposal to undertake clinical trials and examine if Ganga water can be used to treat coronavirus (COVID-19) patients. The proposal was made by a collective of activists involved in the clean-up of the river as well as in t

African swine fever: Assam told to go for culling

African swine fever: Assam told to go for culling Part of: GS-III- S&T (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Disease first reported in November-December from areas of China bordering Arunachal. Assam Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Minister said the Centre has advised the State government to go for the culling of pigs affected by the African swine fever (ASF).  “After a lab in Bhopal attributed the death of thousands of pigs to the first-ever case of ASF in the country, we have been t

India’s disease surveillance system needs a reboot

India’s disease surveillance system needs a reboot By, Maya John teaches in Jesus and Mary College, University of Delhi, and is working on the history of epidemics and epidemiology Introduction Data shows that 75.3% of deaths have been concentrated in the age group of 60 years and above, and in 83% of deaths, the deceased were battling pre-existing identified health conditions. There is more reason to fear a combination of COVID-19 with existing illnesses and medical complicat

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD)

  Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by deficiency of certain enzymes (branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex) required to break down (metabolize) the three branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) [Leucine, Isoleucine and Valine] in the body. The result of this metabolic failure is that all three BCAAs, along with their various byproducts, accumulate abnormally throughout the body. In the classic,

IIT Guwahati discovers new ways to prevent memory loss due to Alzheimer

IIT Guwahati discovers new ways to prevent memory loss due to Alzheimer Context Researchers at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati has worked on out-of-the-box ideas that can help prevent or reduce short-term memory losses associated with Alzheimer’s disease. They studied the neurochemical principles of Alzheimer’s, and explored new ways to prevent accumulation of neurotoxic molecules in the brain that are associated with short-term memory loss. Methods used

Kala Azar

Kala Azar India has missed the 2017 deadline for elimination of Kala Azar. Elimination is defined as reducing the annual incidence of Kala Azar to less than 1 case per 10,000 people at the sub-district level. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-azar, is caused by the protozoan Leishmania parasites. It is transmitted to humans through infected sandflies. It is characterized by irregular bouts of fever, weight loss, enlargement of the spleen and liver, and anaemia. The p

What Covid-19 does to central nervous system?

What Covid-19 does to central nervous system? As a respiratory disease, Covid-19 primarily attacks the lungs, but other effects too have been emerging, including in the abdomen, the skin and the brain. A new study has reviewed the existing evidence about the last: the virus’s impact on the central nervous system. Altered mental status and stroke have been found to be the most common neurological symptoms in Covid-19 patients. Investigators found that 59% of patients reported a

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