Minimum Support Price
Paper- GS-3 Food security (PT-M-IV)
The MSP is the rate at which the government buys grains from farmers. The reason behind the idea of MSP is to counter the price volatility of agricultural commodities due to the factors like variation in their supply, lack of market integration and information asymmetry.
The MSP is fixed on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) (PT).
Factors taken into consideration for fixing MSP
Higher Food Prices
GS-Paper-3 Economy Inflation (Mains)
Recently, the Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture and Nutrition in New York conducted a study titled “Pandemic Prices: Covid-19 Price Shocks and their Implications for Nutrition Security in India”. It analysed prices of cereals (wheat and rice) and non-cereals (onion, tomatoes, potatoes, five pulses and eggs) in 11 tier-1 and tier-2 cities from 1st March-31st May 2020 compare
Open Market Sale Scheme
Under the Open Market Sale Scheme, the Food Corporation of India (FCI) will transport 30 LMT of wheat from the Central Pool Stock to the market (Domestic) via various routes.
Wheat will also be made available to State Governments and UTs for their programs without an electronic auction.
About An Open Market Sale Scheme (OMSS):
To increase the supply of food grains, FCI occasionally sells excess supplies of wheat and rice through an online auction at