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India-Myanmar relations

Syllabus subtopic: India and its Neighborhood- Relations.   Prelims and Mains focus: about the details of the agreement signed; about India-Myanmar relations   News: The visiting Myanmar President U Win Myint had a meeting with PM Modi on important bilateral issues. The two sides signed 10 agreements with a focus on socioeconomic development of Myanmar.   Key takeaways from the meeting Some of the major takeaways are Bus service between Manipur’s I

VINBAX

VINBAX VINBAX is the military exercise between armies of India and Vietnam. It is the first ever such exercise boosting defence ties between the two countries. It is going to be held in Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh. The joint exercise has been especially designed to enable and train officers from Vietnam in United Nations Peace Keeping Operations. India – Vietnam relations India and Vietnam had signed a protocol on defence cooperation in 1994. The partnership was thereafter

More sabre-rattling, more isolation

More sabre-rattling, more isolation By, Jayant Prasad, a former diplomat, served as Director General of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses Context * The Philippines invoked the dispute settlement mechanism of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) in 2013 to test the legality of China’s ‘nine-dash line’ regarding the disputed Spratlys. * In response, the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) at The Hague decreed in its July 12, 2016 judgment tha

Showdown in Thailand: On student protests

Showdown in Thailand: On student protests Context The protests are unlikely to die down without a reversal of recent anti-democratic steps Student protests in Thailand: The Thai government’s decision to issue an emergency decree, banning public gatherings and censoring the media, demonstrates both its acknowledgement of the seriousness of the challenge it is facing in the wake of months-long street protests and its refusal to address the actual problems. The protests

India, China, and Myanmar poll

India, China, and Myanmar poll Context Myanmar will vote on November 8 in an election that is being seen as test of Aung San Suu Kyi’s leadership of the country over the last five years. In the last elections in 2015, the Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy won a landslide victory. Rohingya and the vote As many as 7 to 8 lakh Rohingya fled to Bangladesh when the Army began a crackdown on an alleged terrorist group in 2017 in Rakhine province, home to this Muslim m

India and Vietnam Relations for UPSC

India and Vietnam Relations for UPSC GS-PAPER-2 International Relation- Political science (Mains) Context: Guided by ACT East Asia policy and Indo-Pacific strategy India is working towards EXTENDED NEIGHBOURHOOD. The role of Vietnam is very critical for India ranging from Strategic to Energy security. This topic is highly important for UPSC mains and Political science. India and Vietnam signed seven pacts during their virtual summit, in areas such as defence, petroch

Myanmar Military rule

Myanmar Military rule In one swift operation, Myanmar’s military establishment has wiped out a decade of the country’s democratisation process. By arresting President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and the rest of the ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) leadership, and declaring military rule under a state of emergency for at least a year, General Min Aung Hlaing has made it clear that it is the military that is in charge, and he is not particularly conc

Why did the Military stage a coup in Myanmar?

Why did the Military stage a coup in Myanmar? Myanmar’s powerful military chief Min Aung Hlaing had raised doubts about last year’s election results even before the polls were held. “We are in a situation where we need to be cautious,” he told the local media before the November 8 elections. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) swept the polls by winning almost 80% of the vote, while the Army-backed Union Solidarity and Development Par

The way forward in Myanmar

The way forward in Myanmar By, The author was a member of the UN Secretary-General’s Good offices on Myanmar Introduction Surprisingly, the government announced a pre-scheduled referendum on the military-scripted constitution around the same time. Amid limited communication channels available to reach out to Myanmar generals, there were calls for international military intervention to secure access to relief as the Myanmar military refused to allow foreign aid. It took sev

Military coup in Myanmar

Setback in Myanmar Military coup in Myanmar In one swift operation, Myanmar’s military establishment has wiped out a decade of the country’s democratisation process. By arresting President Win Myint, State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and the rest of the ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) leadership, and declaring military rule under a state of emergency for at least a year, General Min Aung Hlaing has made it clear that it is the military that is in charge, and he

Booting out partial democracy

Booting out partial democracy Historical background The Myanmar army seized power, turning a partial democracy into a full-fledged military rule, yet again. 1962, 1988 and 1990 are the milestone years when the generals took similar drastic actions to overthrow a democratic government or derail people’s expressed preferences. Between March 2016 and January 2021, the National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Aung San Suu Kyi shared power with the military. This was a bold e

Military coup in Myanmar

Military coup in Myanmar Introduction The military, which had shared power with Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) for five years, orchestrated the coup on February 1, hours before the country’s newly elected Parliament, in which the NLD had a huge majority, was set to convene. Details The military, which controlled Myanmar through direct rule for almost 50 years since independence from Britain in 1948, has now deployed the familiar repressive

Myanmar coup-The way forward

Myanmar coup-The way forward Introduction The Myanmar junta should heed the people and respect the election results Background of the coup Ever since the military captured power in Myanmar seven weeks ago, the country has steadily descended into political and economic chaos. When the Generals toppled the democratically elected government, detained its leaders, including State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint, and declared a state of emergency with prohib

India’s approach towards the Rohingya refugees

India’s approach towards the Rohingya refugees Introduction India would be in breach of international law in turning its back on the people of Myanmar The world has been watching Myanmar descend into a brutal military dictatorship again. The scenes from the past few weeks have been terrible — peaceful protestors being killed, detained, and communities terrorised. In all this, the people of Myanmar have been pleading with the international community to support them in

Jakarta summit-Myanmar and ASEAN after coup

Jakarta summit-Myanmar and ASEAN after coup Introduction On February 1, Army trucks and tanks rolled into the streets of Naypyidaw and Yangon, signaling the military’s overthrow of a government in which it had a sizeable share of power. The generals felt insecure with the landslide victory of the Aung San Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy (NLD) in the November 2020 elections. They decided to exert full control and terminate the experiment of transition to democracy t

EU to Support Southeast Asia against Climate Change

EUs Support to Southeast Asia against Climate Change The European Union (EU) has earmarked millions of euros for supporting climate friendly development in Southeast Asia after the EU became a “strategic partner” of the Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) bloc in December 2020. Other Talking Points Multilateral Assistance: The EU is the largest provider of development assistance to the ASEAN region, and has committed millions of euros

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